The First Frontier The Forgotten History Of Struggle Savagery And Endurance In Early America Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

The First Frontier
Author: Scott Weidensaul
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0151015155
Pages: 474
Year: 2012
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Presents a history of the period during which the Eastern seaboard was a frontier between colonizing Europeans and Native Americans.
The First Frontier
Author: Scott Weidensaul
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0547539568
Pages: 480
Year: 2012-02-08
View: 610
Read: 213
Frontier: the word carries the inevitable scent of the West. But before Custer or Lewis and Clark, before the first Conestoga wagons rumbled across the Plains, it was the East that marked the frontier—the boundary between complex Native cultures and the first colonizing Europeans. Here is the older, wilder, darker history of a time when the land between the Atlantic and the Appalachians was contested ground—when radically different societies adopted and adapted the ways of the other, while struggling for control of what all considered to be their land. The First Frontier traces two and a half centuries of history through poignant, mostly unheralded personal stories—like that of a Harvard-educated Indian caught up in seventeenth-century civil warfare, a mixed-blood interpreter trying to straddle his white and Native heritage, and a Puritan woman wielding a scalping knife whose bloody deeds still resonate uneasily today. It is the first book in years to paint a sweeping picture of the Eastern frontier, combining vivid storytelling with the latest research to bring to life modern America’s tumultuous, uncertain beginnings.
War on the Run
Author: John F. Ross
Publisher: Bantam
ISBN: 0553384570
Pages: 548
Year: 2011-04-26
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Hailed as the father of today's elite special forces, Robert Rogers was North America's first authentic celebrity. Biographer John F. Ross reconstructs the extraordinary achievements of this fearless and inspiring leader whose exploits in the New England wilderness read like those of an action hero and whose innovative principles of unconventional warfare are still used today. As a child, Rogers learned to survive in New England's dark and deadly forests, grasping that a new world required new forms of warfare. Rogers' Rangers earned a deadly fame among their most formidable French and Indian enemies for their ability to appear anywhere at any time, burst out of the forest with overwhelming force, and vanish just as quickly. The Rangers laid the groundwork for the colonial strategy later used in the War of Independence. Rogers later wrote two seminal books whose vision of a unified continent would influence Thomas Jefferson and inspire Lewis and Clark.--From publisher description.
Simon Girty
Author: Edward Butts
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 1554889502
Pages: 192
Year: 2011-08-22
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During the American Revolution and the border conflicts that followed, Simon Girty’s name struck terror into the hearts of U.S. settlers in the Ohio Valley and the territory of Kentucky. Girty (1741-1818) had lived with the Natives most of his life. Scorned by his fellow white frontiersmen as an "Indian lover," Girty became an Indian agent for the British. He accompanied Native raids against Americans, spied deep into enemy territory, and was influential in convincing the tribes to fight for the British. The Americans declared Girty an outlaw. In U.S. history books he is a villain even worse than Benedict Arnold. Yet in Canada, Girty is regarded as a Loyalist hero, and a historic plaque marks the site of his homestead on the Ontario side of the Detroit River. In Native history, Girty stands out as one of the few white men who championed their cause against American expansion. But was he truly the "White Savage" of legend, or a hero whose story was twisted by his foes?
Bloody Mohawk
Author: Richard J. Berleth
Publisher: Black Dome Press
ISBN: 1883789664
Pages: 370
Year: 2010
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This sweeping historical narrative chronicles events instrumental in the painful birth of a new nation—from the Bloody Morning Scout and the massacre at Fort William Henry to the disastrous siege of Quebec, the heroic but lopsided Battle of Valcour Island, the horrors of Oriskany, and the tragedies of Pennsylvania's Wyoming Valley massacre and the Sullivan-Clinton Expedition's destruction of the Iroquois homeland in western New York State. Caught in the middle of it all was the Mohawk River Valley. Berleth explores the relationship of early settlers on the Mohawk frontier to the Iroquoian people who made their homes beside the great river. He introduces colonists and native leaders in all their diversity of culture and belief. Dramatic profiles of key participants provide perspectives through which contemporaries struggled to understand events. Sir William Johnson is here first as a shopkeeper and farmer, then as a brother Mohawk and militia leader, and lastly as a crown official charged with supervising North American Indian affairs. We watch Johnson in his final years wrestling with Indian war and the unraveling of British America. We meet the frontier ambassador Conrad Weiser, survivor of the Palatine immigration, who agreed not at all with Johnson or his party. And we encounter the young missionary, Samuel Kirkland, as he leaves Johnson's household for a fateful sojourn among the Senecas.Johnson's heirs did much to precipitate the outbreak of violent hostilities along the Mohawk in the first months of the War of Independence. Berleth shows how the Johnson family early sought to save their patrimony in the valley just as patriot forces maneuvered to win Native American support or, at least, neutrality. When Joseph Brant, Thayendanegea, rushed Native Americans to war behind the British, it fell to General Philip Schuyler, wealthy scion of an old Albany family, to find a way to protect the Mohawk region from British incursion. His invasion of Canada fails; his tattered army fights at Valcour Island, Ticonderoga, Hubbardton, retreating steadily. Not until on the line of the Mohawk is the enemy stopped.But the battles of Oriskany, Fort Stanwix, Saratoga, and Bennington do not end the fighting in upstate New York. As the national effort moves elsewhere, the Mohawk Valley plunges into bitter internecine conflict. Raids and ambushes go on for four more years until, in the end, the level of destruction from Tory actions and Brant's war parties staggers the imagination. Two out of every three inhabitants are dead, captured, or missing; farms and villages are laid waste. Charred ruins replace once-prosperous communities in Cobleskill, Cherry Valley, Andrustown, German Flats, Vroomansland, Neversink, Little Falls, Johnstown, Schoharie, Middleburgh, some never to be rebuilt. The villages of the Oneidas, America's first allies, have been leveled by their former brothers in the Iroquois Confederation. Bloody Mohawk leaves us to ponder the roots of civil war in nonnegotiable ethnic and cultural misunderstandings. It offers a glance into an aspect of New York State history often overlooked.
Crucible of War
Author: Fred Anderson
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307425398
Pages: 912
Year: 2007-12-18
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In this engrossing narrative of the great military conflagration of the mid-eighteenth century, Fred Anderson transports us into the maelstrom of international rivalries. With the Seven Years' War, Great Britain decisively eliminated French power north of the Caribbean — and in the process destroyed an American diplomatic system in which Native Americans had long played a central, balancing role — permanently changing the political and cultural landscape of North America. Anderson skillfully reveals the clash of inherited perceptions the war created when it gave thousands of American colonists their first experience of real Englishmen and introduced them to the British cultural and class system. We see colonists who assumed that they were partners in the empire encountering British officers who regarded them as subordinates and who treated them accordingly. This laid the groundwork in shared experience for a common view of the world, of the empire, and of the men who had once been their masters. Thus, Anderson shows, the war taught George Washington and other provincials profound emotional lessons, as well as giving them practical instruction in how to be soldiers. Depicting the subsequent British efforts to reform the empire and American resistance — the riots of the Stamp Act crisis and the nearly simultaneous pan-Indian insurrection called Pontiac's Rebellion — as postwar developments rather than as an anticipation of the national independence that no one knew lay ahead (or even desired), Anderson re-creates the perspectives through which contemporaries saw events unfold while they tried to preserve imperial relationships. Interweaving stories of kings and imperial officers with those of Indians, traders, and the diverse colonial peoples, Anderson brings alive a chapter of our history that was shaped as much by individual choices and actions as by social, economic, and political forces.
The Frontiersmen
Author: Allen W. Eckert
Publisher: Jesse Stuart Foundation
ISBN: 1931672814
Year: 2011-01-01
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The frontiersmen were a remarkable breed of men. They were often rough and illiterate, sometimes brutal and vicious, often seeking an escape in the wilderness of mid-America from crimes committed back east. In the beautiful but deadly country which would one day come to be known as West Virginia, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, more often than not they left their bones to bleach beside forest paths or on the banks of the Ohio River, victims of Indians who claimed the vast virgin territory and strove to turn back the growing tide of whites. These frontiersmen are the subjects of Allan W. Eckert's dramatic history.Against the background of such names as George Rogers Clark, Daniel Boone, Arthur St. Clair, Anthony Wayne, Simon Girty and William Henry Harrison, Eckert has recreated the life of one of America's most outstanding heroes, Simon Kenton. Kenton's role in opening the Northwest Territory to settlement more than rivaled that of his friend Daniel Boone. By his eighteenth birthday, Kenton had already won frontier renown as woodsman, fighter and scout. His incredible physical strength and endurance, his great dignity and innate kindness made him the ideal prototype of the frontier hero.Yet there is another story to The Frontiersmen. It is equally the story of one of history's greatest leaders, whose misfortune was to be born to a doomed cause and a dying race. Tecumseh, the brilliant Shawnee chief, welded together by the sheer force of his intellect and charisma an incredible Indian confederacy that came desperately close to breaking the thrust of the white man's westward expansion. Like Kenton, Tecumseh was the paragon of his people's virtues, and the story of his life, in Allan Eckert's hands, reveals most profoundly the grandeur and the tragedy of the American Indian.No less importantly, The Frontiersmen is the story of wilderness America itself, its penetration and settlement, and it is Eckert's particular grace to be able to evoke life and meaning from the raw facts of this story. In The Frontiersmen not only do we care about our long-forgotten fathers, we live again with them.
The American Frontier
Author: William C. Davis
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806131292
Pages: 256
Year: 1992
View: 367
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The author of "The Fighting Men of the Civil War" now masterfully chronicles the grand history of the territory beyond the Mississippi, with particular attention to exploration, expansion, conflict, and settlement.
The Island At The Center Of The World
Author: Russell Shorto
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 1400078679
Pages: 384
Year: 2005
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A history of the Dutch role in the establishment of Manhattan discusses the rivalry between England and the Dutch Republic, focusing on the power struggle between Holland governor Peter Stuyvesant and politician Adriaen van der Donck that shaped New York's culture and social freedoms. Reprint. 50,000 first printing.
Dark and Bloody Ground
Author: Richard D. Blackmon
Publisher: Westholme Pub Llc
ISBN: 1594161070
Pages: 310
Year: 2012
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Offers a thorough history of an often-neglected part of the American Revolution, the battles among American Indians, Loyalists and colonial soldiers in the Southern Colonies
Mountains of the Heart
Author: Scott Weidensaul
Publisher: Fulcrum Publishing
ISBN: 1938486897
Pages: 336
Year: 2016-05-01
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Part natural history, part poetry, Mountains of the Heart is full of hidden gems and less traveled parts of the Appalachian Mountains Stretching almost unbroken from Alabama to Belle Isle, Newfoundland, the Appalachians are one of the oldest mountain ranges in the world. In Mountains of the Heart, renowned author and avid naturalist Scott Weidensaul shows how geology, ecology, climate, evolution, and 500 million years of history have shaped one of the continent's greatest landscapes into an ecosystem of unmatched beauty. This edition celebrates the book's 20th anniversary of publication and includes a new foreword from the author.
Hodges' Scout
Author: Travers, Len.
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421418061
Pages: 320
Year: 2015-10-29
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In September 1756, fifty American soldiers set off on a routine reconnaissance near Lake George, determined to safeguard the upper reaches of the New York colony. Caught in a devastating ambush by French and native warriors, only a handful of colonials made it back alive. Toward the end of the French and Indian War, another group of survivors, long feared dead, returned home, having endured years of grim captivity among the native and French inhabitants of Canada. Pieced together from archival records, period correspondence, and official reports, Hodges’ Scout relates the riveting tale of young colonists who were tragically caught up in a war they barely understood. Len Travers brings history to life by describing the variety of motives that led men to enlist in the campaign and the methods and means they used to do battle. He also reveals what the soldiers wore, the illnesses they experienced, the terror and confusion of combat, and the bitter hardships of captivity in alien lands. His remarkable research brings human experiences alive, giving us a rare, full-color view of the French and Indian War—the first true world war. -- Gregory Evans Dowd, University of Michigan, author of War under Heaven: Pontiac, the Indian Nations, and the British Empire
White Devil
Author: Stephen Brumwell
Publisher: Da Capo Press
ISBN: 0786736798
Pages: 336
Year: 2009-04-30
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In North America's first major conflict, known today as the French and Indian War, France and England-both in alliance with Native American tribes-fought each other in a series of bloody battles and terrifying raids. No confrontation was more brutal and notorious than the massacre of the British garrison of Fort William Henry--an incident memorably depicted in James Fenimore Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. That atrocity stoked calls for revenge, and the tough young Major Robert Rogers and his "Rangers" were ordered north into enemy territory to take it. On the morning of October 4, 1759, they surprised the Abenaki Indian village of St. Francis, slaughtering its sleeping inhabitants without mercy. When the raiders returned to safety, they were hailed as heroes by the colonists, and their leader was immortalized as "the brave Major Rogers." But the Abenakis remembered Rogers differently: To them he was Wobomagonda--"White Devil."
The Gods of Prophetstown
Author: Adam Jortner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199909598
Pages: 320
Year: 2011-12-07
View: 511
Read: 978
It began with an eclipse. In 1806, the Shawnee leader Tenskwatawa ("The Open Door") declared himself to be in direct contact with the Master of Life, and therefore, the supreme religious authority for all Native Americans. Those who disbelieved him, he warned, "would see darkness come over the sun." William Henry Harrison, governor of the Indiana Territory and future American president, scoffed at Tenskwatawa. If he was truly a prophet, Harrison taunted, let him perform a miracle. And Tenskwatawa did just that, making the sun go dark at midday. In The Gods of Prophetstown, Adam Jortner provides a gripping account of the conflict between Tenskwatawa and Harrison, who finally collided in 1811 at a place called Tippecanoe. Though largely forgotten today, their rivalry determined the future of westward expansion and shaped the War of 1812. Jortner weaves together dual biographies of the opposing leaders. In the five years between the eclipse and the battle, Tenskwatawa used his spiritual leadership to forge a political pseudo-state with his brother Tecumseh. Harrison, meanwhile, built a power base in Indiana, rigging elections and maneuvering for higher position. Rejecting received wisdom, Jortner sees nothing as preordained-Native Americans were not inexorably falling toward dispossession and destruction. Deeply rooting his account in a generation of scholarship that has revolutionized Indian history, Jortner places the religious dimension of the struggle at the fore, recreating the spiritual landscapes trod by each side. The climactic battle, he writes, was as much a clash of gods as of men. Written with profound insight and narrative verve, The Gods of Prophetstown recaptures a forgotten turning point in American history in time for the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Tippecanoe.
Blood on the Ohio
Author: Fritz Zimmerman
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 1540482871
Pages: 212
Year: 2016-11-17
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Accounts of murders, torture, and massacres of colonists and Native Americans were reported in early historical journals. Heinous stories, that will bring a renewed understanding of the terrible costs of western expansion; a cost paid in full by the Natives and those that thought it just to take their lands. At the beginning of the year 1754, a few colonists' cabins began to appear on the western side of the Allegheny mountains. The British western expansion gave rise to the French and Indian War. The conflict was begun over French and British claims over the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers called the Forks of the Ohio. From 1775 - 1783, during the American Revolution, resources and manpower, was unavailable to the beleaguered settlers. Another ten years would pass before the Native Americans relinquished their lands. Native Americans and colonists were engaged in a war of extermination that included women and children. Numerous atrocities being committed by both parties. Somber tales that few have read, but reveal the heavy price in blood that both parties paid for those lands of the Ohio River. The Mass Execution of the Residents of Greenbrier County, West Virginia The Bravery of George Baker Saves His Wife and Three Children From the Tomahawk. Mass Murder of the Peaceful Indian Village of Bulltown Wholesale Murder of Innocent Indians Results in Deadly Reprisals. The Revolution Disrupts the Fragile Peace With The Shawnee Resulting in Renewed Attacks on the Kentucky Frontier Hamilton the -Hair Buyer- Sends Out War Parties to the Kentucky Frontier Settlements Daniel Boone's Daughters Captured by Indians Attack on Fort Henry in Present Day Wheeling, West Virginia. 1777 the-Bloody Year- Kentucky Under Siege General Clark's Diary of Hostilities in Kentucky Horror Ensues at the Cunningham Cabin The Grigby Farm Plundered With Wife and Small Child Tomahawked and Scalped The Slaying of Mr. Coon's Daughter 33 Men Hold Off 380 Indians at Fort Henry, West Virginia Relief of Fort Henry: The Terrible Carnage is Revealed. Captain Foreman's Relief Army for Wheeling is Annihilated Butchery on the Cheat River and the Escape of Mrs. Morgan Simon Kenton Taken Prisoner in Brown County, Ohio The Capture of the Little Johnson Brothers and Their Killing and Escape From Their Captors. The Kidnapping of the Anderson Brothers 70 Men Slaughtered Under Major Rodgers at Kentucky's Licking River Murders on Raccoon Creek, Pennsylvania The Murder of Thomas Campbell and Baby The Cold Blooded Murder of John Van Meters Wife, Infant and Fifteen Year Old Daughter. The Second Siege of Fort Henry, West Virginia The Bravery of Elizabeth Zane Fight to the Death with a Giant Home Invasion in Harrison County, W.V. Carnage on an Ohio River Keel Boat Mrs. Cunningham Watches Her Four Children Murdered and Scalped Before Being Taken Captive. The Capture and Harrowing Rescue of John Wetzel Tecumseh, Witnesses the Burning of a Captive The Horrific Story of the Murder and Torture of the Moore Family Carnage on Hacker's Creek West Virginia Four Children Murdered, Scalped and Bodies Placed to Form a Cross. Poor Woman Who is Tomahawked and Scalped Lives Long Enough to Give Birth to a Healthy Child Tragedy of the Killing of Amos Wood and his Son (Kentucky) The Glass Farm Tyranny The Purdy Family Butchered in Their Cabin Indian Retaliation the Moravian Massacre - The First Actor in the Tragedy, The Last Victim of Vengeance Tales from Harrison County, West Virginia Neil Washburn's First Scalp The Mystery Indian Girl Warning The Execution of the Crow Sisters Early Cincinnati Ohio, A Dangerous Place A Tomahawk For the Brave Teen Boys Murder Their Captors and the Mystery of the Bag of Gold Capture and Escape of Moses Hewitt Adventures of Neil Washburn Ambushed, with Death Cheated by Mother's Milk The Escape and Rescue of -Hannah the Witch.-

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