Sie Bauten Die Ersten Tempel Das Raetselhafte Heiligtum Am Goebekli Tepe Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Sie bauten die ersten Tempel
Author: Klaus Schmidt
ISBN: 3423344903
Pages: 283
Year: 2008
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Gobekli Tepe
Author: Avi Bachenheimer
Publisher: Birdwood
Pages: 170
Year: 2017-06-17
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In the Neolithic Near East, the Anatolian landmass of modern day Turkey functioned as an over reaching land bridge, connecting the three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa to one another. The larger geographical landscape of today's Middle East was surrounded by the five major seas of antiquity. The Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea, and the Caspian Sea. The rivers of Tigris and Euphrates ran across the hills, mountain ranges and plains, and volcanic fields of the Armenian highlands provided invaluable obsidian rocks, suitable for making sharp, razor-edged stone tools. As the late Klaus Schmidt once put it, the slopes of the Taurus mountains were a hunter’s dream, and a prime piece of paradise coming true. In this region, humans and the environment were brought so close to one another, and plants and animals appeared so abundant, that the early hunter gatherers scattered across the land for the first time adopted primary storage and conservation methods. The strategies which gave way to the rise of agriculture and domestication of animals in the course of the coming millennia. Göbekli Tepe was at the heart of this cultural and economic transition. Here, the Neolithic Revolution was begun.
A Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East
Author: D. T. Potts
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405189886
Pages: 1500
Year: 2012-05-21
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A comprehensive and authoritative overview of ancient material culture from the late Pleistocene to Late Antiquity Features up–to–date surveys and the latest information from major new excavations such as Qatna (Syria), Göbekli Tepe (Turkey) Includes a diverse range of perspectives by senior, mid–career and junior scholars in Europe, USA, Britain, Australia, and the Middle East for a truly international group Includes major reviews of the origins of agriculture, animal domestication, and archaeological landscapes Includes chapters dealing with periods after the coming of Alexander the Great, including studies of the Seleucid, Arsacid, Sasanian, Roman and Byzantine empires in the Near East, as well as early Christianity in both the Levant and Mesopotamia Fills a gap in literature of the Ancient Near East, dealing with topics often overlooked, including ethical and legal issues in antiquities markets and international scholarship
Defining the Sacred
Author: Nicola Laneri
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1782976795
Pages: 200
Year: 2015-05-08
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Religion is a phenomenon that is inseparable from human society. It brings about a set of emotional, ideological and practical elements that are pervasive in the social fabric of any society and characterizable by a number of features. These include the establishment of intermediaries in the relationship between humans and the divine; the construction of ceremonial places for worshipping the gods and practicing ritual performances; and the creation ritual paraphernalia. Investigating the religious dimensions of ancient societies encounters problems in defining such elements, especially with regard to societies that lack textual evidences and has tended to lead towards the identification of differentiation between the mental dimension, related to religious beliefs, and the material one associated with religious practices, resulting in a separation between scholars able to investigate, and possibly reconstruct, ritual practices (i.e., archaeologists), and those interested in defining the realm of ancient beliefs (i.e., philologists and religious historians). The aim of this collection of papers is to attempt to bridge these two dimensions by breaking down existing boundaries in order to form a more comprehensive vision of religion among ancient Near Eastern societies. This approach requires that a higher consideration be given to those elements (either artificial -- buildings, objects, texts, etc. -- or natural -- landscapes, animals, trees, etc.) that are created through a materialization of religious beliefs and practices enacted by members of communities. These issues are addressed in a series of specific case-studies covering a broad chronological framework that from the Pre-pottery Neolithic to the Iron Age. (Cover illustration © German Archaeological Institute, photo N. Becker)
Relational Archaeologies
Author: Christopher Watts
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135903123
Pages: 272
Year: 2014-04-11
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Many of us accept as uncontroversial the belief that the world is comprised of detached and disparate products, all of which are reducible to certain substances. Of those things that are alive, we acknowledge that some have agency while others, such as humans, have more advanced qualities such as consciousness, reason and intentionality. So deeply-seated is this metaphysical belief, along with the related distinctions we draw between subject/object, mind/body and nature/culture that many of us tacitly assume past groups approached and apprehended the world in a similar fashion. Relational Archaeologies questions how such a view of human beings, ‘other-than-human’ creatures and things affects our reconstruction of past beliefs and practices. It proceeds from the position that, in many cases, past societies understood their place in the world as positional rather than categorical, as persons bound up in reticular arrangements with similar and not so similar forms regardless of their substantive qualities. Relational Archaeologies explores this idea by emphasizing how humans, animals and things come to exist by virtue of the dynamic and fluid processes of connection and transaction. In highlighting various counter-Modern notions of what it means ‘to be’ and how these can be teased apart using archaeological materials, contributors provide a range of approaches from primarily theoretical/historicized treatments of the topic to practical applications or case studies from the Americas, the UK, Europe, Asia and Australia.
Year: 2007
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Göbekli Tepe, der älteste Monumentalbau der Menschheit
Author: Carolin Ullrich
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656337160
Pages: 64
Year: 2012-12-20
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Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Theologie - Vergleichende Religionswissenschaft, Note: 13,0, Philipps-Universität Marburg (Religionswissenschaftliches Institut), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Einleitung 1.) Göbekli Tepe 1.1. Zeitliche Einordnung von Göbekli Tepe 1.2. Einleitende Fakten zum Bau 1.3. Die Anlagen und deren Ausgrabungszustand 1.3.1. Anlage A 1.3.2. Anlage B 1.3.3. Anlage C 1.3.4. Anlage D 1.4. Zusammenfassung der symbolischen Elemente 2.) Theorien zu einer sakralen und profanen Funktion des Raumes 2.1. Religionsphänomenologische Ansichten zum Raum als Element der Religion 2.2. Die Bedeutung eines sakralen Raumes 2.2.1. Initiationsriten 2.2.2. Totentempel 2.2.3. Totemismus 2.3. Theoretische Ansätze zur Funktion eines profanen Raumes 2.3.1. Der Raum als Kommunikationselement 3.) Symbolstrukturen 3.1. Definition von Symbolen 3.2. Das sakrale Symbol 3.3. Die Instrumentalisierung von Symbolen 3.3.1. Das kulturelle Gedächtnis 4.) Interpretationsansätze einer möglichen Motivation für den Bau von Göbekli Tepe 4.1. Hinweise auf eine sakrale Nutzung der Anlagen anhand der Reliefdarstellungen 4.2. Theoretische Ansätze für die Interpretation als profanen Allzweckbau Schlussbemerkung
Death Rituals, Social Order and the Archaeology of Immortality in the Ancient World
Author: Colin Renfrew, Michael J. Boyd, Iain Morley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316368629
Year: 2015-11-19
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Modern archaeology has amassed considerable evidence for the disposal of the dead through burials, cemeteries and other monuments. Drawing on this body of evidence, this book offers fresh insight into how early human societies conceived of death and the afterlife. The twenty-seven essays in this volume consider the rituals and responses to death in prehistoric societies across the world, from eastern Asia through Europe to the Americas, and from the very earliest times before developed religious beliefs offered scriptural answers to these questions. Compiled and written by leading prehistorians and archaeologists, this volume traces the emergence of death as a concept in early times, as well as a contributing factor to the formation of communities and social hierarchies, and sometimes the creation of divinities.
High Availability and Disaster Recovery
Author: Klaus Schmidt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540345825
Pages: 410
Year: 2006-09-02
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Companies and institutions depend more than ever on the availability of their Information Technology, and most mission critical business processes are IT-based. Business Continuity is the ability to do business under any circumstances and is an essential requirement faced by modern companies. Both concepts - High Availability and Disaster Recovery - are realized by redundant systems. This book presents requirements, concepts, and realizations of redundant systems on all abstraction levels, and all given examples refer to UNIX and Linux Systems.
Das Rätsel der Donauzivilisation
Author: Harald Haarmann
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406622119
Pages: 286
Year: 2011-09-23
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In den letzten Jahren haben Archäologen immer mehr Belege dafür gefunden, dass es zwischen dem 6. und dem 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. auf dem Balkan eine Hochkultur gab, die bereits vor den Mesopotamiern die Schrift kannte. Harald Haarmann führt in diesem Buch erstmals umfassend in diese bisher unbekannte, in vielem noch rätselhafte alteuropäische Kultur ein. Er beschreibt Handelswege und Siedlungen, Kunst und Handwerk, Mythologie und Schrift der Donauzivilisation, geht ihren Ursprüngen am Schwarzen Meer nach und zeigt auf, welchen Einfluss sie auf die Kultur der griechischen Antike und des Vorderen Orients hatte.
Antike Welt
Year: 2009
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"Zeitschrift für Archäologie und Urgeschichte" (varies).
Çatalhöyük perspectives
Author: Ian Hodder, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
Publisher: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
ISBN: 1902937295
Pages: 245
Year: 2005
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"Since 1993 the world-famous site of Catalhoyuk in Turkey has been the subject of major new excavations and research by an international team of archaeologists, led by Ian Hodder. The present volume, the sixth in the Catalhoyuk monograph series, draws on material from Volumes 3, 4 and 5 to deal with broad themes and provide a synthesis of the results of the recent fieldwork. evidence from architecture and excavation contexts is linked into a broader discussion of key topics of life at Catalhoyuk such as seasonality, art and social memory. The volume goes beyond the basic excavation and laboratory results that have been presented in Volumes 3 to 5 to present more synthetic accounts that arise from the high degree of integration and collaboration between specialists for which the project has striven at all stages. It is in this current volume the Catalhoyuk team most clearly describe the 'stories they have been telling ourselves' during the process of recovering and interpreting the evidence. This volume thus contextualizes the work described in Volumes 3 to 5, recording the framework of thought within which the data were collected and studies, and the interpretation that emerged directly from the interaction between team members and the diverse categories of evidence."--BOOK JACKET.
Year: 2007
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Araştırma sonuçları toplantısı
ISBN: 9751732441
Pages: 756
Year: 2007
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Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes
Year: 2009
View: 301
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