Paul Lauterbur And The Invention Of Mri The Mit Press Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Paul Lauterbur and the Invention of MRI
Author: M. Joan Dawson
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262316722
Pages: 296
Year: 2013-08-23
View: 1284
Read: 378
On September 2, 1971, the chemist Paul Lauterbur had an idea that would change the practice of medical research. Considering recent research findings about the use of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signals to detect tumors in tissue samples, Lauterbur realized that the information from NMR signals could be recovered in the form of images -- and thus obtained noninvasively from a living subject. It was an unexpected epiphany: he was eating a hamburger at the time. Lauterbur rushed out to buy a notebook in which to work out his idea; he completed his notes a few days later. He had discovered the basic method used in all MRI scanners around the world, and for this discovery he would share the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 2003. This book, by Lauterbur's wife and scientific partner, M. Joan Dawson, is the story of Paul Lauterbur's discovery and the subsequent development of the most important medical diagnostic tool since the X-ray.With MRI, Lauterbur had discovered an entirely new principle of imaging. Dawson explains the science behind the discovery and describes Lauterbur's development of the idea, his steadfastness in the face of widespread skepticism and criticism, and related work by other scientists including Peter Mansfield (Lauterbur's Nobel co-recipient), and Raymond Damadian (who famously feuded with Lauterbur over credit for the ideas behind MRI). She offers not only the story of one man's passion for his work but also a case study of how science is actually done: a flash of insight followed by years of painstaking work.
Gifted Mind
Author: Jeff Kinley, Dr. Raymond Damadian
Publisher: New Leaf Publishing Group
ISBN: 1614584664
Pages: 192
Year: 2015-06-01
View: 427
Read: 1282
One man’s search for truth on a personal journey of invention and faith! Today, magnetic resonance imaging machines (MRIs) and similar technologies are saving lives in hospitals and clinics throughout the world. In 1969, this kind of technique was just an idea in the visionary mind of Dr. Raymond Damadian. As a young boy, he watched his grandmother die painfully from breast cancer. Dr. Damadian would eventually decide on a career in medical research and pioneer this field of amazing research. Although in 1971 his concept of detecting tumors through magnetic resonance imaging was widely met with skepticism, he became the first researcher to do a full-body scan of a human being in 1977 in order to see if there was cancer present. His life has been an incredible journey of discovery helping you learn: How his concept for cancer detection was inspired and developed Why faith became an integral part of his work Why he is a strong supporter of the creativity and freedom found in patents. From resourcefully creating his discoveries on a shoestring budget to a battle with the business behemoth known as G.E., learn how the exciting development of this technology led him to a self examination of his life and faith. What driving force is at the heart of what can arguably be called one of the greatest minds in the past 50 years and how does faith play a crucial role in his work?
The Long Road to Stockholm
Author: Peter Mansfield
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199664544
Pages: 241
Year: 2013-01-03
View: 688
Read: 1317
In this autobiography, Sir Peter Mansfield describes his life from his early childhood in war time London to his research in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and the development of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. For his discoveries in MRI, Sir Peter was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize for Medicine, shared with Paul Lauterbur.
Imperial Technoscience
Author: Amit Prasad
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262026953
Pages: 232
Year: 2014-03-14
View: 1253
Read: 169
The origin of modern science is often located in Europe and the West. This Euro/West-centrism relegates emergent practices elsewhere to the periphery, undergirding analyses of contemporary transnational science and technology with traditional but now untenable hierarchical categories. In this book, Amit Prasad examines features of transnationality in science and technology through a study of MRI research and development in the United States, Britain, and India. In an analysis that is both theoretically nuanced and empirically robust, Prasad unravels the entangled genealogies of MRI research, practice, and culture in these three countries. Prasad follows sociotechnical trails in relation to five aspects of MRI research: invention, industrial development, market, history, and culture. He first examines the well-known dispute between American scientists Paul Lauterbur and Raymond Damadian over the invention of MRI, then describes the post-invention emergence of the technology, as the center of MRI research shifted from Britain to the U.S; the marketing of the MRI and the transformation of MRI research into a corporate-powered "Big Science"; and MRI research in India, beginning with work in India's nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) laboratories in the 1940s. Finally, he explores the different dominant technocultures in each of the three countries, analyzing scientific cultures as shifting products of transnational histories rather than static products of national scientific identities and cultures. Prasad's analysis offers not only an innovative contribution to current debates within science and technology studies but also an original postcolonial perspective on the history of cutting-edge medical technology.
MRI from Picture to Proton
Author: Donald W. McRobbie, Elizabeth A. Moore, Martin J. Graves, Martin R. Prince
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316688259
Pages:
Year: 2017-04-13
View: 657
Read: 1117
MR is a powerful modality. At its most advanced, it can be used not just to image anatomy and pathology, but to investigate organ function, to probe in vivo chemistry, and even to visualise the brain thinking. However, clinicians, technologists and scientists struggle with the study of the subject. The result is sometimes an obscurity of understanding, or a dilution of scientific truth, resulting in misconceptions. This is why MRI from Picture to Proton has achieved its reputation for practical clarity. MR is introduced as a tool, with coverage starting from the images, equipment and scanning protocols and traced back towards the underlying physics theory. With new content on quantitative MRI, MR safety, multi-band excitation, Dixon imaging, MR elastography and advanced pulse sequences, and with additional supportive materials available on the book's website, this new edition is completely revised and updated to reflect the best use of modern MR technology.
Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Author: Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309165482
Pages: 332
Year: 2005-04-04
View: 1214
Read: 993
Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research examines current interdisciplinary research efforts and recommends ways to stimulate and support such research. Advances in science and engineering increasingly require the collaboration of scholars from various fields. This shift is driven by the need to address complex problems that cut across traditional disciplines, and the capacity of new technologies to both transform existing disciplines and generate new ones. At the same time, however, interdisciplinary research can be impeded by policies on hiring, promotion, tenure, proposal review, and resource allocation that favor traditional disciplines. This report identifies steps that researchers, teachers, students, institutions, funding organizations, and disciplinary societies can take to more effectively conduct, facilitate, and evaluate interdisciplinary research programs and projects. Throughout the report key concepts are illustrated with case studies and results of the committee’s surveys of individual researchers and university provosts.
Fundamentals of Medical Imaging
Author: Paul Suetens
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108211208
Pages:
Year: 2017-05-11
View: 470
Read: 1141
This third edition provides a concise and generously illustrated survey of the complete field of medical imaging and image computing, explaining the mathematical and physical principles and giving the reader a clear understanding of how images are obtained and interpreted. Medical imaging and image computing are rapidly evolving fields, and this edition has been updated with the latest developments in the field, as well as new images and animations. An introductory chapter on digital image processing is followed by chapters on the imaging modalities: radiography, CT, MRI, nuclear medicine and ultrasound. Each chapter covers the basic physics and interaction with tissue, the image reconstruction process, image quality aspects, modern equipment, clinical applications, and biological effects and safety issues. Subsequent chapters review image computing and visualization for diagnosis and treatment. Engineers, physicists and clinicians at all levels will find this new edition an invaluable aid in understanding the principles of imaging and their clinical applications.
The University of Illinois
Author: Frederick E Hoxie
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 025209932X
Pages: 264
Year: 2017-02-07
View: 447
Read: 392
The founding of the university in 1867 created a unique community in what had been a prairie. Within a few years, this creative mix of teachers and scholars produced innovations in agriculture, engineering and the arts that challenged old ideas and stimulated dynamic new industries. Projects ranging from the Mosaic web browser to the discovery of Archaea and pioneering triumphs in women's education and wheelchair accessibility have helped shape the university's mission into a double helix of innovation and real-world change. These essays explore the university's celebrated accomplishments and historic legacy, candidly assessing both its successes and its setbacks. Experts and students tell the eye-opening stories of campus legends and overlooked game-changers, of astonishing technical and social invention, of incubators of progress as diverse as the Beckman Institute and Ebertfest. Contributors: James R. Barrett, George O. Batzli, Claire Benjamin, Jeffrey D. Brawn, Jimena Canales, Stephanie A. Dick, Poshek Fu, Marcelo H. Garcia, Lillian Hoddeson, Harry Liebersohn, Claudia Lutz, Kathleen Mapes, Vicki McKinney, Elisa Miller, Robert Michael Morrissey, Bryan E. Norwood, Elizabeth H. Pleck, Leslie J. Reagan, Susan M. Rigdon, David Rosenboom, Katherine Skwarczek, Winton U. Solberg, Carol Spindel, William F. Tracy, and Joy Ann Williamson-Lott.
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Author: Peter A. Rinck
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3746095182
Pages: 432
Year: 2018-08-21
View: 472
Read: 1252
Originally developed in the laboratory of Nobel Prize winner Paul C. Lauterbur in the early 1980s, the 12th edition (2018) of this standard textbook has been completely revised, updated, and new critical remarks and comments were added. The author, Peter A. Rinck, is one of the pioneers of nuclear magnetic resonance in medicine and of magnetic resonance imaging. Radiology: One of the most lucid and best illustrated introductory MR texts. European Radiology: An outstanding book, an excellent well-proven didactic approach. Journal of Magnetic Resonance imaging (JMRI): The book more than fulfills its attempted purpose. Amazon Review: This text is by far the best treatise of MRI at the basic level. Academic Radiology: In summary, it is not only an ideal first text, but it's a bargain. Fortschr Röntgenstr (RöFo): In fact, an MR expert has finally succeeded in putting himself in the MR beginner's shoes, explaining the necessary basic knowledge in a very vivid and entertaining way. The author: The perfect book for those wanting to do research and needing to check or refresh the basics and recent developments.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine
Author: Scott W. Atlas
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1469873265
Pages: 1872
Year: 2016-08-03
View: 951
Read: 1289
For more than 25 years, Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine has been the leading textbook on imaging diagnosis of brain and spine disorders. The Fifth Edition continues this tradition of excellence with thorough coverage of recent trends and changes in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of CNS diseases, and how those changes relate to MRI findings. It remains a comprehensive, state-of-the-art reference for all who have an interest in neuroradiology – trainees to experts in the field, basic science researchers, and clinicians.
MRI from Picture to Proton
Author: Donald W. McRobbie, Elizabeth A. Moore, Martin J. Graves, Martin R. Prince
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316688259
Pages:
Year: 2017-04-13
View: 284
Read: 1145
MR is a powerful modality. At its most advanced, it can be used not just to image anatomy and pathology, but to investigate organ function, to probe in vivo chemistry, and even to visualise the brain thinking. However, clinicians, technologists and scientists struggle with the study of the subject. The result is sometimes an obscurity of understanding, or a dilution of scientific truth, resulting in misconceptions. This is why MRI from Picture to Proton has achieved its reputation for practical clarity. MR is introduced as a tool, with coverage starting from the images, equipment and scanning protocols and traced back towards the underlying physics theory. With new content on quantitative MRI, MR safety, multi-band excitation, Dixon imaging, MR elastography and advanced pulse sequences, and with additional supportive materials available on the book's website, this new edition is completely revised and updated to reflect the best use of modern MR technology.
Human Behavior in Military Contexts
Author: Committee on Opportunities in Basic Research, Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309112303
Pages: 250
Year: 2008-01-03
View: 1279
Read: 792
Human behavior forms the nucleus of military effectiveness. Humans operating in the complex military system must possess the knowledge, skills, abilities, aptitudes, and temperament to perform their roles effectively in a reliable and predictable manner, and effective military management requires understanding of how these qualities can be best provided and assessed. Scientific research in this area is critical to understanding leadership, training and other personnel issues, social interactions and organizational structures within the military. The U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) asked the National Research Council to provide an agenda for basic behavioral and social research focused on applications in both the short and long-term. The committee responded by recommending six areas of research on the basis of their relevance, potential impact, and timeliness for military needs: intercultural competence; teams in complex environments; technology-based training; nonverbal behavior; emotion; and behavioral neurophysiology. The committee suggests doubling the current budget for basic research for the behavioral and social sciences across U.S. military research agencies. The additional funds can support approximately 40 new projects per year across the committee's recommended research areas. Human Behavior in Military Contexts includes committee reports and papers that demonstrate areas of stimulating, ongoing research in the behavioral and social sciences that can enrich the military's ability to recruit, train, and enhance the performance of its personnel, both organizationally and in its many roles in other cultures.
Neurobiology of Exceptionality
Author: Con Stough
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306486490
Pages: 220
Year: 2006-09-28
View: 667
Read: 282
Nurture or nature? Biology or environment? Why are some people intelligent, or personable, or creative and others obtuse, or shy, or unimaginative? Although each human being is a unique mixture of positive and negative traits and behaviors, the question remains: What is the neurobiological basis for each individual’s makeup? For example, why does one person suffer from a disorder (e.g., ADHD, autism, mental retardation) and another lives free of maladies? These are just some of the issues addressed in detail in Neurobiology of Exceptionality. The introductory chapter provides a broad-based overview of current neurobiological techniques (i.e., terms, procedures, and technologies), which are followed by chapters that offer in-depth examination of the neurobiological bases for: • Impulsive sensation seeking • Creativity • Intelligence • Antisociality • Autism, mental retardation, and Down Syndrome • ADHD • Savant Syndrome This volume provides a one-stop source for clinical psychologists and other allied mental health professionals to access information on a wide range of research on the neurobiology of psychological and psychiatric traits. It is designed to give readers an overview of the current knowledge base of the biological processes for each trait. It is unlikely that any one book could cover all human traits, but the Neurobiology of Exceptionality addresses a wide range of exceptional psychological traits and psychiatric disorders.
Information Processing in Medical Imaging
Author: Michael F. Insana, Richard M. Leahy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540457291
Pages: 544
Year: 2003-06-29
View: 399
Read: 833
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Information Processing in Medical Imaging, IPMI 2001, held in Davis, CA, USA, in June 2001. The 54 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 78 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on objective assessment of image quality, shape modeling, molecular and diffusion tensor imaging, registration and structural analysis, functional image analysis, fMRI/EEG/MEG, deformable registration, shape analysis, and analysis of brain structure.
Classic Papers in Modern Diagnostic Radiology
Author: Adrian M. K. Thomas, Arpan K. Banerjee, Uwe Busch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540269886
Pages: 672
Year: 2005-12-05
View: 1323
Read: 1016
I am very pleased to have been asked to write the foreword to this book. The technical advances in diagnostic radiology in the last few decades have transformed clinical practice and have been nothing short of astonishing. The subject of diagnostic radiology is now very large and radiology depa- ments are involved in all areas of modern patient care.The defining event in m- ern radiology,and arguably the most significant development in radiology since Wilhelm Röntgen discovered X-rays, was the invention of the CT scanner in the 1970s.The CT scanner introduced modern cross-sectional imaging and also di- tal imaging.We now have MRI and ultrasound and these techniques are replacing many traditional X-ray procedures.The developments in radiology have been the result of a fruitful interaction between the basic sciences, clinical medicine and the manufacturers. This can be seen by looking at the various sources of these publications. Change is produced by the interactions between the various dis- plines. The editors have had a very difficult task in selecting the key discoveries and descriptions.The radiological literature is very large.Medical imaging continues to develop rapidly and these papers are the foundations of our current practice.

Recently Visited