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Neurodynamics: An Exploration in Mesoscopic Brain Dynamics
Author: Walter Freeman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447103718
Pages: 398
Year: 2012-12-06
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Cortical evoked potentials are of interest primarily as tests of changing neuronal excitabilities accompanying normal brain function. The first three steps in the anal ysis of these complex waveforms are proper placement of electrodes for recording, the proper choice of electrical or sensory stimulus parameters, and the establish ment of behavioral control. The fourth is development of techniques for reliable measurement. Measurement consists of comparison of an unknown entity with a set of standard scales or dimensions having numerical attributes in preassigned degree. A physical object can be described by the dimensions of size, mass, density, etc. In addition there are dimensions such as location, velocity, weight, hardness, etc. Some of these dimensions can be complex (e. g. size depends on three or more subsidiary coordi nates), and some can be interdependent or nonorthogonal (e. g. specification of size and mass may determine density). In each dimension the unit is defined with refer ence to a standard physical entity, e. g. a unit of mass or length, and the result of measurement is expressed as an equivalence between the unknown and the sum of a specified number of units of that entity. The dimensions of a complex waveform are elementary waveforms from which that waveform can be built by simple addition. Any finite single-valued function of time is admissible. They are called basis functions (lO, 15), and they can be expressed in numeric as well as geometric form.
Neurodynamics of Cognition and Consciousness
Author: Leonid I. Perlovsky, Robert Kozma
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540732675
Pages: 366
Year: 2007-08-26
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Experimental evidence in humans and other mammalians indicates that complex neurodynamics is crucial for the emergence of higher-level intelligence. Dynamical neural systems with encoding in limit cycle and non-convergent attractors have gained increasing popularity in the past decade. The role of synchronization, desynchronization, and intermittent synchronization on cognition has been studied extensively by various authors, in particular by authors contributing to the present volume. This book addresses dynamical aspects of brain functions and cognition.
Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences
Author: Paolo Dell'Aversana
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128104813
Pages: 248
Year: 2017-07-14
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Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences: New Methods for Data Analysis Based on Cognitive Criteria examines the neurobiological background of earth science disciplines. It presents the fundamental features of the human brain that form the cognitive basis of exploration geophysics and investigates how their analysis can drive the development of new brain-based technologies. Crucial aspects of human cognition include the impulse to explore the environment, the ability of our brain to create mental maps and virtual images of the world, and the human ability to recognize, integrate and save patterns of information in a shared memory. Geoscience technology can be made more effective by taking the working neurobiological principles of our brains into account. This book is appropriate for multiple audiences, including neuroscientists, cognitive scientists and geoscientists, presenting both theoretical and experimental results. Presents the neurological background of human brain function and cognition as it relates to the geosciences Explores possible links between geophysics, neural anatomy and neural physiology Dissects topics with a multidisciplinary approach and balanced combination of theory and applications Examines the potential mechanism by which exploration geoscience is triggered by specific neural systems located in primordial areas of the subcortical brain Proposes working hypotheses and possible scenarios for future research in neuroscience and the geosciences
Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (II)
Author: Wang Rubin, Fanji Gu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048196957
Pages: 756
Year: 2011-01-06
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Within our knowledge, the series of the International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics (ICCN) is the only conference series dedicating to cognitive neurodynamics. This volume is the proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics held in 2009, which reviews the progress in this field since the 1st ICCN -2007. The topics include: Neural coding and realistic neural network dynamics, Neural population dynamics, Firing Oscillations and Patterns in Neuronal Networks, Brain imaging, EEG, MEG, Sensory and Motor Dynamics, Global cognitive function, Multi-scalar Neurodynamics - from Physiology to Systems Theory, Neural computing, Emerging Technologies for Brain Computer Interfaces, Neural dynamics of brain disorders.
Self-Organizing Complexity in Psychological Systems
Author: Craig Piers, John P. Muller, Joseph Brent
Publisher: Jason Aronson, Incorporated
ISBN: 1461630657
Pages: 192
Year: 2007-04-18
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This volume addresses itself to the ways in which the so-called 'new sciences of complexity' can deepen and broaden neurobiological and psychological theories of mind. Complexity theory has gained increasing attention over the past 20 years across diverse areas of inquiry, including mathematics, physics, economics, biology, and the social sciences. Complexity theory concerns itself with how nonlinear dynamical systems evolve and change over time and draws on research arising from chaos theory, self-organization, artificial intelligence and cellular automata, to name a few. This emerging discipline shows many points of convergence with psychological theory and practice, emphasizing that history is irreversible and discontinuous, that small early interventions can have large and unexpected later effects, that each life trajectory is unique yet patterned, that measurement error is not random and cannot be justifiably distributed equally across experimental conditions, that a system's collective and coordinated organization is emergent and often arises from simple components in interaction, and that change is more likely to emerge under conditions of optimal turbulence.
Introduction to Mesoscopic Physics
Author: Joseph Imry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195356373
Pages: 248
Year: 1997-02-13
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"Mesoscopic physics" refers to the physics of structures larger than a nanometer (one billionth of a meter) but smaller than a micrometer (one millionth of a meter). This size range is the stage on which the exciting new research on submicroscopic and electronic and mechanical devices is being done. This research often crosses the boundary between physics and engineering, since engineering such tiny electronic components requires a firm grasp of quantum physics. Applications for the future may include such wonders as microscopic robot surgeons that travel through the blood stream to repair clogged arteries, submicroscopic actuators and builders, and supercomputers that fit on the head of a pin. The world of the future is being planned and built by physicists, engineers, and chemists working in the microscopic realm. This book can be used as the main text in a course on mesoscopic physics or as a supplementary text in electronic devices, semiconductor devices, and condensed matter physics courses.
Moody Bitches
Author: Julie Holland
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 069813642X
Pages: 432
Year: 2015-03-03
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A groundbreaking guide for women of all ages that shows women’s inherent moodiness is a strength, not a weakness As women, we learn from an early age that our moods are a problem. Bitches are moody. To succeed in life, we are told, we must have it all under control. We have to tamp down our inherent shifts in favor of a more static way of being. But our bodies are wiser than we imagine. Moods are not an annoyance to be stuffed away. They are a finely-tuned feedback system that, if heeded, can tell us how best to manage our lives. Our changing moods let us know when our bodies are primed to tackle different challenges and when we should be alert to developing problems. They help us select the right tool for each of our many jobs. If we deny our emotionality, we deny the breadth of our talents. With the right care of our inherently dynamic bodies, we can master our moods to avail ourselves of this great natural strength. Yet millions of American women are medicating away their emotions because our culture says that moodiness is a problem to be fixed. One in four of us takes a psychiatric drug. If you add sleeping pills to the mix, the statistics become considerably higher. Over-prescribed medications can have devastating consequences for women in many areas of our lives: sex, relationships, sleep, eating, focus, balance, and aging. And even if we don’t pop a pill, women everywhere are numbing their emotions with food, alcohol, and a host of addictive behaviors that deny the wisdom of our bodies and keep us from addressing the real issues that we face. Dr. Julie Holland knows there is a better way. She’s been sharing her frank and funny wisdom with her patients for years, and in Moody Bitches Dr. Holland offers readers a guide to our bodies and our moodiness that includes insider information about the pros and cons of the drugs we’re being offered, the direct link between food and mood, an honest discussion about sex, practical exercise and sleep strategies, as well as some surprising and highly effective natural therapies that can help us press the reset button on our own bodies and minds. In the tradition of Our Bodies, Our Selves, this groundbreaking guide for women of all ages will forge a much needed new path in women’s health—and offer women invaluable information on how to live better, and be more balanced, at every stage of life.
How Brains Make Up Their Minds
Author: Walter J. Freeman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231120087
Pages: 171
Year: 2000
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Starting from a broad foundation in history, philosophy and neuroscience, Walter J. Freeman takes us in steps from single neurons to an explanation of our capacities for self-determination. The process is not easy to grasp, but comprehension is the best way to face down genetic and environmental determinism, apply our new biological knowledge in defense of our freedom, and accept responsibility for what we do with it.
Philosophy and Neuroscience
Author: J. Bickle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401002371
Pages: 235
Year: 2013-03-07
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Philosophy and Neuroscience: A Ruthlessly Reductive Account is the first book-length treatment of philosophical issues and implications in current cellular and molecular neuroscience. John Bickle articulates a philosophical justification for investigating "lower level" neuroscientific research and describes a set of experimental details that have recently yielded the reduction of memory consolidation to the molecular mechanisms of long-term potentiation (LTP). These empirical details suggest answers to recent philosophical disputes over the nature and possibility of psycho-neural scientific reduction, including the multiple realization challenge, mental causation, and relations across explanatory levels. Bickle concludes by examining recent work in cellular neuroscience pertaining to features of conscious experience, including the cellular basis of working memory, the effects of explicit selective attention on single-cell activity in visual cortex, and sensory experiences induced by cortical microstimulation.
Neuromagnetic source imaging of spontaneous and evoked human brain dynamics
Author: Rey R. Ramírez
Pages: 904
Year: 2005
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Functional Brain Imaging
Author: Gert Pfurtscheller, F. H. Lopes da Silva
Pages: 264
Year: 1988
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Complex Dynamics in Physiological Systems: From Heart to Brain
Author: Syamal K. Dana, Prodyot K. Roy, Jürgen Kurths
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402091435
Pages: 272
Year: 2008-11-06
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Nonlinear dynamics has become an important field of research in recent years in many areas of the natural sciences. In particular, it has potential applications in biology and medicine; nonlinear data analysis has helped to detect the progress of cardiac disease, physiological disorders, for example episodes of epilepsy, and others. This book focuses on the current trends of research concerning the prediction of sudden cardiac death and the onset of epileptic seizures, using the nonlinear analysis based on ECG and EEG data. Topics covered include the analysis of cardiac models and neural models. The book is a collection of recent research papers by leading physicists, mathematicians, cardiologists and neurobiologists who are actively involved in using the concepts of nonlinear dynamics to explore the functional behaviours of heart and brain under normal and pathological conditions. This collection is intended for students in physics, mathematics and medical sciences, and researchers in interdisciplinary areas of physics and biology.
Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic, Evolutionary Programming, Data Mining and Complex Systems
Author: Cihan H. Dagli
Publisher: Amer Society of Mechanical
Pages: 1128
Year: 2000-01-01
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This newest volume in the series presents refereed papers covering the following eight categories and their applications in the engineering domain. -- Neural Networks -- Complex Systems -- Evolutionary Programming -- Data Mining -- Fuzzy Logic -- Adaptive Control -- Pattern Recognition -- Smart Engineering System Design These papers are intended to provide a forum for researchers in the field to exchange ideas on smart engineering systems design.
Spatiotemporal Analysis of Neocortical EEGs from the NZW Rabbit
Author: John Marc Barrie
Pages: 400
Year: 2000
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Virtual Reality
Author: Alexander Riegler
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 3631383452
Pages: 262
Year: 2001
View: 387
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The concept of “virtuality” has introduced a completely new mode of representing, presenting, as well as acquiring knowledge. The present collection of papers acknowledges this development and gives a survey over the most important developments, issues, and foundations from an interdisciplinary perspective. This book intends to enlarge the definition of virtual reality in order to go beyond the toy character it may still have in the public. The contributions show that virtuality has not only been successfully applied in various technical and medical domains but also touches basic philosophical problems and questions related to cognitive science. In fact, developing the concept of virtuality further will be the key to many challenges in both theoretical and technical domains.

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