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Meaning and the English Verb
Author: Geoffrey N. Leech
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317867955
Pages: 152
Year: 2014-01-14
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Every language has its peculiar problems of meaning for the foreign learner. In the English language, some of the biggest yet most fascinating problems are concentrated in the area of the finite verb phrase: in particular, tense, aspect, mood and modality. Meaning and the English Verb describes these fields in detail for teachers and advanced students of English as a foreign or second language. This new third edition uses up-to-date examples to show differences and similarities between American and British english, reflecting a great deal of recent research in this area. It also takes account of the subtle changes which are taking place in the language today. In print for over 30 years, Meaning and the English Verb has established itself as a recognised authority on the meaning and use of verb constructions in English. This updated third edition will ensure that it remains an invaluable text for teachers and students of English worldwide.
Meaning and the English Verb
Author: Geoffrey N. Leech
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317867947
Pages: 152
Year: 2014-01-14
View: 1315
Read: 266
Every language has its peculiar problems of meaning for the foreign learner. In the English language, some of the biggest yet most fascinating problems are concentrated in the area of the finite verb phrase: in particular, tense, aspect, mood and modality. Meaning and the English Verb describes these fields in detail for teachers and advanced students of English as a foreign or second language. This new third edition uses up-to-date examples to show differences and similarities between American and British english, reflecting a great deal of recent research in this area. It also takes account of the subtle changes which are taking place in the language today. In print for over 30 years, Meaning and the English Verb has established itself as a recognised authority on the meaning and use of verb constructions in English. This updated third edition will ensure that it remains an invaluable text for teachers and students of English worldwide.
Meaning and the English Verb
Author: Geoffrey N. Leech
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 0582784573
Pages: 141
Year: 2004
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Since its publication in 1971, Meaning and the English Language has established itself as a standard textbook for studies in English Language. It deals with areas of the language that are of particular interest in themselves and which are especially difficult for learners to master: tense, progressive and perfect aspects, mood and the modal auxiliaries. There are numerous examples of differences and similarities in meaning throughout the book, making it a clear and precise guide to English. Updated for the language of the 21st Century, this edition will prove invaluable for learners and teachers alike.
English Verb Classes and Alternations
Author: Beth Levin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226475336
Pages: 348
Year: 1993-09-01
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In this rich reference work, Beth Levin classifies over 3,000 English verbs according to shared meaning and behavior. Levin starts with the hypothesis that a verb's meaning influences its syntactic behavior and develops it into a powerful tool for studying the English verb lexicon. She shows how identifying verbs with similar syntactic behavior provides an effective means of distinguishing semantically coherent verb classes, and isolates these classes by examining verb behavior with respect to a wide range of syntactic alternations that reflect verb meaning. The first part of the book sets out alternate ways in which verbs can express their arguments. The second presents classes of verbs that share a kernel of meaning and explores in detail the behavior of each class, drawing on the alternations in the first part. Levin's discussion of each class and alternation includes lists of relevant verbs, illustrative examples, comments on noteworthy properties, and bibliographic references. The result is an original, systematic picture of the organization of the verb inventory. Easy to use, English Verb Classes and Alternations sets the stage for further explorations of the interface between lexical semantics and syntax. It will prove indispensable for theoretical and computational linguists, psycholinguists, cognitive scientists, lexicographers, and teachers of English as a second language.
The Grammar of the English Tense System
Author:
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110199882
Pages: 846
Year: 2006-01-01
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The Grammar of the English Tense System forms the first volume of a four-volume set, The Grammar of the English Verb Phrase. The other volumes, to appear over the next few years, will deal with mood and modality, aspect and voice. The book aims to provide a grammar of tense which can be used both as an advanced reference grammar (for example by MA-level or postgraduate students of English or linguistics) and as a scientific study which can act as a basis for and stimulus to further research. It provides not only a wealth of data but also a unique framework for the study of the English tense system, which achieves great predictive and explanatory power on the basis of a limited number of relatively simple rules. The framework provided allows for an analysis of the semantics of individual tenses which reflects the role of tenses not only in locating situations in time relative to speech time but also in relating situations in time relative to one another to form temporally coherent discourse. Attention is paid to the relations between tenses. On the one hand, we can identify sets of tenses linked to particular temporal areas such as the past or the future. These sets of tenses provide for the expression of a system of temporal relations in a stretch of discourse in which all the situations are located within the same temporal area. On the other hand, there are many contexts in which speakers might in theory choose between two or more tenses to locate a situation (e.g., when we choose between the past tense and the present perfect to locate a situation before speech time), and the book examines the difference that a choice of one or the other tense may make within a discourse context. The book moves from a detailed exploration of the meaning and use of individual tenses to a thorough analysis of the way in which tenses can be seen to function together as sets, and finally to a detailed examination of tenses in, and tenses interacting with, temporal adverbials. Original data is used frequently throughout the book to illustrate the theory discussed.
The English Verb
Author: Michael Lewis
Publisher:
ISBN: 3125243025
Pages: 180
Year: 1994
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Verb Meaning and the Lexicon
Author: Gillian Catriona Ramchand
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139469541
Pages:
Year: 2008-03-06
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The relationship between the meaning of words and the structure of sentences is an important area of research in linguistics. Studying the connections between lexical conceptual meaning and event structural relations, this book arrives at a modular classification of verb types within English and across languages. Ramchand argues that lexical encyclopedic content and event structural aspects of meaning need to be systematically distinguished, and that thematic and aspectual relations belong to the latter domain of meaning. The book proposes a syntactic decompositional view of core verbal meaning, and sets out to account for the variability and systematicity of argument structure realisation across verb types. It also proposes an interesting view of lexical insertion.
The Vibrant English Verb
Author: Steven Landon West, Ph.d.
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 1533597960
Pages: 136
Year: 2016-10-29
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The Vibrant English Verb: Mastering Meaning and Usage draws upon Dr. Steven West's work with more than 5,000 ESL students in his linguistics and advanced grammar courses during the past fifteen years. It was created for teachers and advanced students of English as a Second Language. It demonstrates the vibrancy of English verbs in the ways that they interact with each other in a discourse. Dr. West's extensive knowledge of languages other than English has given him special understanding of the English Learner's dilemma. He has identified the most vexing problems students encounter when studying verbs and has provided detailed, easy-to-understand explanations along with pictorial timelines which clearly identify the relationships among the constituents of a sentence, a paragraph or a dialog. This book focuses on the 12 tenses of the indicative mood in English. Verbs in these 12 forms provide the linguistic foundation for the entire English language since verbs hold sway over all sentences. Most languages (Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Turkish, for example) have only limited forms of verb tenses. That's why the students from these languages have extreme difficulty with our verb system. Consider the following English sentence: "We would have been reading the book all day yesterday if the dog hadn't chewed up the pages." If this were to be translated into Chinese, the equivalent English version of that translation would be: "We no read book-." In order for Chinese English Learners to master the English version, they must understand the meaning and usage of auxiliary verbs ("would have been") along with the main verb as a present participle, ("reading"). They have no frame of reference from their own language to guide them toward this understanding. The difficulty for them is that Chinese has no auxiliary verbs; nor does its grammar include participles. This book also provides many sample dialogues which, sentence by sentence, verb by verb, help teachers and students refine their understanding of which verb tense to use under what circumstances and why. Dr. West's text is the perfect companion for teachers of ESL and for students who realize that although they may have passed many English proficiency tests, they are still stymied in their real-world use of English.
Lessons on the English Verb
Author: Walter Hirtle
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773560270
Pages: 357
Year: 2007
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While the work of Gustave Guillaume (1883-1960) has had an important influence on French linguistics, his theory is not well known in the English-speaking world. Lessons on the English Verb provides a comprehensive treatment of the English verbal system within a Guillaumean theoretical framework - an approach unprecedented in its systemic scope.
The Diachrony of Verb Meaning
Author: Elly van Gelderen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351719025
Pages: 294
Year: 2018-02-01
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This innovative volume offers a comprehensive account of the study of language change in verb meaning in the history of the English language. Integrating both the author’s previous body of work and new research, the book explores the complex dynamic between linguistic structures, morphosyntactic and semantics, and the conceptual domain of meaning, employing a consistent theoretical treatment for analyzing different classes of predicates. Building on this analysis, each chapter connects the implications of these findings from diachronic change with data from language acquisition, offering a unique perspective on the faculty of language and the cognitive system. In bringing together a unique combination of theoretical approaches to provide an in-depth analysis of the history of diachronic change in verb meaning, this book is a key resource to researchers in historical linguistics, theoretical linguistics, psycholinguistics, language acquisition, and the history of English.
The Story of Be
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198791097
Pages: 208
Year: 2017-05-04
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The verb be has a remarkable history, and a wider range of meanings, uses, and forms than any other English word. In this book, David Crystal explores the intriguing story of this verb over 26 chapters, each linked to a particular usage. Chapters explore, for instance, circumstantial be ('how are you?'), numerical be ('two and two is four'), quotative be ('so I was like, "wow"'), and ludic be ('oh no he isn't!'). The discussion is accompanied by examples from a whole host of sources, literary and otherwise, such as Beowulf, Jane Austen, pantomime, and Star Wars, and further illustrated by cartoons including several from late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century issues of Punch. Full of fascinating nuggets of information, this book will appeal to a broad audience of lovers of words and language.
The Ultimate Phrasal Verb Book
Author: Carl W. Hart
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1438068794
Pages: 432
Year: 2017-03-08
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Updated to reflect questions found on the most recent ESL tests, this book presents 400 common phrasal verbs as they are used in everyday English. Phrasal verbs are verbs combined with prepositions or adverbs. Familiarity with phrasal verbs and understanding their use as nouns (breakup, showoff, etc.) or adjectives (spaced-out, broken-down, stressed-out, and many others) is essential to ESL students. Updated information includes: the most commonly used phrasal verbs; activities and examples that reflect our current technology and the world around us; an expanded introduction for the teacher with a thorough breakdown and explanation of phrasal verbs; and, a discussion of separable and inseparable phrasal verbs in Unit I, and more. This book’s hundreds of examples in context and hundreds of exercises will be extremely useful to ESL students who are preparing for TOEFL or who simply wish to improve their English.
Middle English Verbs of Emotion and Impersonal Constructions
Author: Ayumi Miura
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199947155
Pages: 290
Year: 2015
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Impersonal constructions in the history of English form a puzzling category, in that there has been uncertainty as to why some verbs are attested in such constructions while others are not, even though they look almost synonymous. In this book, Ayumi Miura tackles this under-discussed question with special reference to verbs of emotion in Middle English. Through a careful study of the behaviour of impersonal and near-synonymous non-impersonal verbs, she identifies the factors that determined the presence, absence, and spread of impersonal usage with the verbs concerned. Miura utilizes modern linguistic approaches, including theories and methodologies adopted in the study of psych-verbs in modern languages, which bear close relevance to impersonal verbs of emotion but have traditionally been researched separately. She also draws on categorizations in the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary and harnesses the online Middle English Dictionary in a novel way, demonstrating that dictionary materials are in fact a valuable tool in the study of early English syntax and semantics. Miura concludes that a range of factors - such as causation, transitivity, animacy of the target of emotion, and duration of the emotion - influenced the choice of impersonal constructions with Middle English verbs of emotion. We can therefore make reasonable generalizations about when impersonal usage was licensed in these verbs. This careful analysis of the correlation between Middle English verbs of emotion and use or non-use in impersonal constructions represents a new empirical and theoretical contribution to the busy research area of impersonal constructions in the history of English.
The Big Book of English Verbs
Author: Mark Lester, Daniel Franklin, Terry Yokota
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071602895
Pages: 624
Year: 2009-08-07
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All the English verbs you need to know in one place! This comprehensive guide is your one-stop resource for learning English verbs. It includes 555 of the highest frequency verbs--unlike Barron’s 501, which excludes common verbs such as “answer” and “wash”--with conjugations and sample sentences. The Big Book of English Verbs also has a list of all complement types that are used by each verb, as well as all the common phrasal verb constructions that the verb can be used with in a sentence. The CD-ROM contains more than 200 interactive practice exercises, plus diagnostic and review tests to assess competency.
Phrasal Verbs
Author: Stefan Thim
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110257033
Pages: 316
Year: 2012-10-30
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The book traces the evolution of the English verb-particle construction (‘phrasal verb’) from Indo-European and Germanic up to the present. A contrastive survey of the basic semantic and syntactic characteristics of verb-particle constructions in the present-day Germanic languages shows that the English construction is structurally unremarkable and its analysis as a periphrastic word-formation is proposed. From a cross-linguistic and comparative perspective the Old English prefix verbs are identified as preverbs and the shift towards postposition of the particles is connected to the development of more general patterns of word order. The interplay of phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic factors in the loss of the native prefixes in the history of English is investigated. In this context the question is discussed to what extent the older prefixes were replaced by particles and borrowed prefixes, how the characteristic etymological and semantic properties of the Modern English phrasal verbs can be explained and what role they play in the lexicon. The author argues that their common perception as particularly ‘English’, ‘colloquial’ and ‘informal’ has its origin in the eighteenth-century normative tradition.