La Sostanza Delle Cose Storie Incredibili Dei Materiali Meravigliosi Di Cui E Fatto Il Mondo Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

La sostanza delle cose
Author: Mark Miodownik
Publisher: Bollati Boringhieri
ISBN: 8833974189
Pages: 247
Year: 2015-10-22T00:00:00+02:00
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Vincitore del Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books, Regno Unito 2014. Vincitore dei Communication Awards, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Stati Uniti 2015. «Sono rimasto sveglio tutta la notte a leggere questo libro. Miodownik scrive con enorme competenza e grande entusiasmo, trasmettendo al lettore il suo amore per questi temi.» Oliver Sacks L’acciaio è «indomito», la carta «fidata», il cioccolato naturalmente è «delizioso», la plastica «immaginifica» e la grafite è semplicemente «indistruttibile». Poi c’è la schiuma («meravigliosa»), il vetro (ovviamente «invisibile»), la porcellana («raffinata»), e certo non può mancare il comune, onnipresente, «fondamentale» cemento. Sono le sostanze di cui è fatto il nostro mondo. Basta gettare l’occhio intorno a noi e ne vediamo a centinaia, eppure sappiamo così poco di loro. Invece, quando Mark Miodownik si guarda intorno vede ben più in là delle apparenze superficiali delle cose ed è capace di raccontarci per ognuno di questi materiali una quantità incredibile di storie affascinanti, da restare a bocca aperta per lo stupore. Ogni sostanza diventa un mondo. In questo libro compaiono cose antichissime come il ferro accanto a sostanze futuristiche come i biomateriali o l’aerogel, tutte presentate nella loro caleidoscopica varietà di forme e di funzioni, colori e proprietà, ognuna con un suo messaggio nascosto e un’avvincente storia da narrare. I materiali hanno contribuito a rivoluzionare il nostro stile di vita, fanno parte del nostro mondo e senza di loro non saremmo ciò che siamo. Prendete la fotografia che apre questo libro, a p. 13: l’autore siede sul terrazzo di casa sorseggiando un tè. Togliete dalla scena il cemento, il vetro, i tessuti, il metallo e gli altri materiali, e non resterà altro che un uomo nudo a mezz’aria, tremolante per il freddo. Il mondo materiale non è una semplice ostentazione della nostra tecnologia e della nostra cultura: è parte di noi. L’abbiamo inventato, l’abbiamo costruito, e lui in cambio fa di noi ciò che siamo.
Beyond the God Particle
Author: Leon M. Lederman, Christopher T. Hill
Publisher:
ISBN: 1616148012
Pages: 325
Year: 2013
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The physicist authors of Quantum Physics for Poets discuss the importance of the Higgs Boson in 2012 and the future of particle physics, explaining the forces and laws surrounding the "God Particle" and the ways the United States can recapture a leadership role in scientific advancement.
Stuff Matters
Author: Mark Miodownik
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0544237048
Pages: 256
Year: 2014-05-27
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New York Times Bestseller • New York Times Notable Book 2014 • Winner of the Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books “A thrilling account of the modern material world.” —Wall Street Journal "Miodownik, a materials scientist, explains the history and science behind things such as paper, glass, chocolate, and concrete with an infectious enthusiasm." —Scientific American Why is glass see-through? What makes elastic stretchy? Why does any material look and behave the way it does? These are the sorts of questions that renowned materials scientist Mark Miodownik constantly asks himself. Miodownik studies objects as ordinary as an envelope and as unexpected as concrete cloth, uncovering the fascinating secrets that hold together our physical world. In Stuff Matters, Miodownik explores the materials he encounters in a typical morning, from the steel in his razor to the foam in his sneakers. Full of enthralling tales of the miracles of engineering that permeate our lives, Stuff Matters will make you see stuff in a whole new way. "Stuff Matters is about hidden wonders, the astonishing properties of materials we think boring, banal, and unworthy of attention...It's possible this science and these stories have been told elsewhere, but like the best chocolatiers, Miodownik gets the blend right." —New York Times Book Review
Think Like an Engineer
Author: Guruprasad Madhavan
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780746385
Pages: 304
Year: 2015-08-20
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At last engineering is getting its due; engineers are finally cool. But few of us understand the engineering mindset. It’s the mindset that came up with flatpack furniture, disposable nappies, and the postal code; that solved Stockholm’s traffic and the problem of bank closing times (the hole-in-the-wall); and whose seemingly simple ideas have saved countless lives, with innovations such as painting a line behind traffic lanes and combining GPS with 999. It’s a mindset much like a Swiss-army knife – multipurpose, combining structured and abstract thinking, common sense and great imagination, and cross-pollinating information from every possible sector. With the help of a cast of star engineers and fascinating, unexpected real world examples, Madhavan offers a framework for thinking creatively, systematically and strategically so that we can all learn to make better decisions in a complex world.
Computational Materials Engineering
Author: Koenraad George Frans Janssens, Dierk Raabe, Ernest Kozeschnik, Mark A Miodownik, Britta Nestler
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080555497
Pages: 360
Year: 2010-07-26
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Computational Materials Engineering is an advanced introduction to the computer-aided modeling of essential material properties and behavior, including the physical, thermal and chemical parameters, as well as the mathematical tools used to perform simulations. Its emphasis will be on crystalline materials, which includes all metals. The basis of Computational Materials Engineering allows scientists and engineers to create virtual simulations of material behavior and properties, to better understand how a particular material works and performs and then use that knowledge to design improvements for particular material applications. The text displays knowledge of software designers, materials scientists and engineers, and those involved in materials applications like mechanical engineers, civil engineers, electrical engineers, and chemical engineers. Readers from students to practicing engineers to materials research scientists will find in this book a single source of the major elements that make up contemporary computer modeling of materials characteristics and behavior. The reader will gain an understanding of the underlying statistical and analytical tools that are the basis for modeling complex material interactions, including an understanding of computational thermodynamics and molecular kinetics; as well as various modeling systems. Finally, the book will offer the reader a variety of algorithms to use in solving typical modeling problems so that the theory presented herein can be put to real-world use. Balanced coverage of fundamentals of materials modeling, as well as more advanced aspects of modeling, such as modeling at all scales from the atomic to the molecular to the macro-material Concise, yet rigorous mathematical coverage of such analytical tools as the Potts type Monte Carlo method, cellular automata, phase field, dislocation dynamics and Finite Element Analysis in statistical and analytical modeling
DiQuMaSPAB
Author: Francesco Tornabene, Nicholas Fantuzzi, Michele Bacciocchi
Publisher: Società Editrice Esculapio
ISBN: 889385063X
Pages: 112
Year: 2018-02-09
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The main aim of this book is to show the features of DiQuMASPAB so ware through the description of its graphical interface, by giving special emphasis to all those aspects implemented in the code. DiQuMASPAB, acronym of “Differential Quadrature for Mechanics of Anisotropic Shells, Plates, Arches and Beams”, is a computational code, which can be used for the numerical analysis of doubly curved shells made of innovative materials, using the Generalized Differential Quadrature (GDQ) and the Generalized Integral Quadrature (GIQ) methods. The software can investigate the mechanical behavior of these structures through different approaches and structural theories. In particular, this code allows considering a kinematic expansion characterized by different degrees of freedom for the Equivalent Single Layer (ESL) theories and for each layer when the Layer-Wise (LW) approach is taken into account. As far as the materials are concerned, it is possible to consider different lamination schemes, as well as various distributions of the volume fraction of the constituents for those layers that vary their mechanical properties along the thickness. In addition, the software analyzes structures with variable thickness and characterized by variable mechanical properties that can change point by point. A finite element formulation is also available to investigate the mechanical behavior of plane structures characterized by irregular domains and mechanical discontinuities.
Merchants in the Temple
Author: Gianluigi Nuzzi
Publisher: Henry Holt and Company
ISBN: 1627798641
Pages: 240
Year: 2015-11-10
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From a bestselling author with unprecedented access to Pope Francis, an investigative look at the recent financial scandals at the highest levels of the Vatican A veritable war is waging in the Church: on one side, there is Pope Francis’s strong message for one church of the poor and all; on the other, there is the old Curia with its endless enemies, and the old and new lobbies struggling to preserve their not-so-Christian privileges. The old guard do not back down, they are ready to use all means necessary to stay in control and continue the immoral way they conduct their business. They resist reforms sought by Pope Francis and seek to delegitimize their opponents, to isolate those who want to eliminate corruption. It’s a war that will determine the future of the church. And if he loses the battle against secular interests and blackmail, Pope Francis could resign, much like his predecessor. Based on confidential information—including top secret documents from inside the Vatican, and actual transcripts of Pope Francis’s admonishments to the papal court about the lack of financial oversight and responsibility—Merchants in the Temple illustrates all the undercover work conducted by the Pope since his election and shows the reader who his real enemies are. It reveals the instruments Francis is using to reform the Vatican and rid it, once and for all, of the overwhelming corruption traditionally encrusted in the Roman Catholic Church. Merchants in the Temple is a startling book that will shock every reader. It’s a story worthy of a Dan Brown novel, with its electrifying details of the trickery and scheming against the papacy—except that it is real.
Liquid
Author: Mark Miodownik
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241977312
Pages: 288
Year: 2018-09-06
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Sometimes explosive, often delightful, occasionally poisonous, but always fascinating: the secret lives of liquids, from one of our best-known scientists A series of glasses of transparent liquids is in front of you: but which will quench your thirst and which will kill you? And why? Why does one liquid make us drunk, and another power a jumbo jet? From the bestselling author of Stuff Matters comes a fascinating tour of the world of these surprising or sinister substances - the droplets, heartbeats and ocean waves we all encounter every day. Structured around a plane journey which sees encounters with water, wine, oil and more, Miodownik shows that liquids are agents of death and destruction as well as substances of wonder and fascination, and - just as in Stuff Matters - his unique brand of scientific storytelling brings them and their mysterious properties alive in a captivating new way.
The Phoenix of Destiny
Author: Geronimo Stilton, Elisabetta Dami
Publisher: Scholastic Paperbacks
ISBN: 0545829070
Pages: 592
Year: 2015-08-25
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Geronimo Stilton is summoned back to the Kingdom of Fantasy, but he finds Blossom, Queen of the Fairies, surrounded by dark fairies and behaving very coldly--and it is up to Geronimo to figure out just what is going on and find the allies he needs to free Blossom from the evil spell that is affecting her.
The Wisdom of Insecurity
Author: Alan W. Watts
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307809862
Pages: 160
Year: 2011-11-16
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An exploration of man's quest for psychological security and spiritual certainty in religion and philosophy. From the Trade Paperback edition.
The Heart is Deceitful Above All Things
Author: J.T. LeRoy
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 140880669X
Pages: 256
Year: 2009-08-17
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A series of loosely connected autobiographical stories, they describe the disturbing relationship between a mother and her adolescent son as she moves from lover to lover, dressing him as a girl and forcing him to shoplift. These are shocking stories of abusive love and dysfunctional sexuality, of heartbreak and of innocence lost. Once again, LeRoy's fantastical imagination and lyricism twists his haunted past into something utterly strange and magical.
Unlimited Power
Author: Anthony Robbins
Publisher: Simon & Schuster (Trade Division)
ISBN: 0743409396
Pages: 425
Year: 2001-01-01
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If you have ever dreamed of a better life, UNLIMITED POWER will show you how to achieve the extraordinary quality of life you desire and deserve. Anthony Robbins has proven to millions through his books, tapes and seminars that by harnessing the power of your mind you can do, have, achieve and create anything you want for your life. UNLIMITED POWER is a revolutionary fitness book for the mind. It will show you, step by step, how to perform at your peak while gaining emotional and financial freedom, attaining leadership and self-confidence and winning the co-operation of others. UNLIMITED POWER is a guidebook to superior performance in an age of success.
Why Information Grows
Author: Cesar Hidalgo
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465039715
Pages: 256
Year: 2015-06-02
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What is economic growth? And why, historically, has it occurred in only a few places? Previous efforts to answer these questions have focused on institutions, geography, finances, and psychology. But according to MIT’s antidisciplinarian César Hidalgo, understanding the nature of economic growth demands transcending the social sciences and including the natural sciences of information, networks, and complexity. To understand the growth of economies, Hidalgo argues, we first need to understand the growth of order. At first glance, the universe seems hostile to order. Thermodynamics dictates that over time, order—or information—disappears. Whispers vanish in the wind just like the beauty of swirling cigarette smoke collapses into disorderly clouds. But thermodynamics also has loopholes that promote the growth of information in pockets. Although cities are all pockets where information grows, they are not all the same. For every Silicon Valley, Tokyo, and Paris, there are dozens of places with economies that accomplish little more than pulling rocks out of the ground. So, why does the US economy outstrip Brazil’s, and Brazil’s that of Chad? Why did the technology corridor along Boston’s Route 128 languish while Silicon Valley blossomed? In each case, the key is how people, firms, and the networks they form make use of information. Seen from Hidalgo’s vantage, economies become distributed computers, made of networks of people, and the problem of economic development becomes the problem of making these computers more powerful. By uncovering the mechanisms that enable the growth of information in nature and society, Why Information Grows lays bear the origins of physical order and economic growth. Situated at the nexus of information theory, physics, sociology, and economics, this book propounds a new theory of how economies can do not just more things, but more interesting things.
The Quantum World
Author: Kenneth W. Ford
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674037146
Pages: 304
Year: 2009-07
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As Kenneth W. Ford shows us in "The Quantum World," the laws governing the very small and the very swift defy common sense and stretch our minds to the limit. Drawing on a deep familiarity with the discoveries of the twentieth century, Ford gives an appealing account of quantum physics that will help the serious reader make sense of a science that, for all its successes, remains mysterious. In order to make the book even more suitable for classroom use, the author, assisted by Diane Goldstein, has included a new section of Quantum Questions at the back of the book. A separate answer manual to these 300+ questions is available; visit "The Quantum World" website for ordering information. There is also a cloth edition of this book, which does not include the "Quantum Questions" included in this paperback edition.
Fundamentals of the Mechanics of Solids
Author: Paolo Maria Mariano, Luciano Galano
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 1493931334
Pages: 422
Year: 2015-11-30
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This distinctive textbook aims to introduce readers to the basic structures of the mechanics of deformable bodies, with a special emphasis on the description of the elastic behavior of simple materials and structures composed by elastic beams. The authors take a deductive rather than inductive approach and start from a few first, foundational principles. A wide selection of exercises, many with hints and solutions, are provided throughout and organized in a way that will allow readers to form a link between abstract mathematical concepts and real-world applications. The text begins with the definition of bodies and deformations, keeping the kinematics of rigid bodies as a special case; the authors also distinguish between material and spatial metrics, defining each one in the pertinent space. Subsequent chapters cover observers and classes of possible changes; forces, torques, and related balances, which are derived from the invariance under classical changes in observers of the power of the external actions over a body, rather than postulated a priori; constitutive structures; variational principles in linear elasticity; the de Saint-Venant problem; yield criteria and a discussion of their role in the representation of material behavior; and an overview of some bifurcation phenomena, focusing on the Euler rod. An appendix on tensor algebra and tensor calculus is included for readers who need a brief refresher on these topics. Fundamentals of the Mechanics of Solids is primarily intended for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in various fields of engineering and applied mathematics. Prerequisites include basic courses in calculus, mathematical analysis, and classical mechanics.

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