La Scienza Del Male Lempatia E Le Origini Della Crudelta Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

La scienza del male. L'empatia e le origini della crudeltà
Author: Simon Baron Cohen
ISBN: 8860304695
Pages: 230
Year: 2012
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The Science of Evil
Author: Simon Baron-Cohen
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465023800
Pages: 256
Year: 2011-05-06
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Borderline personality disorder, autism, narcissism, psychosis, Asperger's: All of these syndromes have one thing in common--lack of empathy. In some cases, this absence can be dangerous, but in others it can simply mean a different way of seeing the world. In The Science of Evil Simon Baron-Cohen, an award-winning British researcher who has investigated psychology and autism for decades, develops a new brain-based theory of human cruelty. A true psychologist, however, he examines social and environmental factors that can erode empathy, including neglect and abuse. Based largely on Baron-Cohen's own research, The Science of Evil will change the way we understand and treat human cruelty.
When (and How) Theory of Mind Is Useful? Evidences from Research in the Life-Span
Author: Francesca Baglio, Antonella Marchetti
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889451011
Year: 2017-02-17
View: 389
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Theory of Mind (ToM) or mentalization is the ability to understand and foresee the behavior referring to one’s own and others’ mental states (Premack & Woodruff, 1978; Wimmer & Perner, 1983). This capacity, which is considered the most representative mechanism of social cognition, is a multifaceted set of competences liable to influence – and be influenced by – a manifold of psychosocial aspects. Studies on typical and atypical/clinical development during life showed that ToM is frequently delayed (e.g. in deafness) or impaired in many clinical conditions (e.g. Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Schizophrenia, Borderline Personality Disorder, Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease) and, on the other hand, may not be unequivocally a positive experience. It is therefore possible to consider the existence of multiple kinds of Theory of Mind. In fact, ToM may vary along a quantitative and a qualitative continuum. As for the quantitative dimension, the continuum is constituted by the fluctuation between high and low levels of ToM ability in different clinical conditions. Along this continuum, impairment can mean “not enough” ToM (for example in Autism Spectrum Disorder) as well as “too much” ToM (for example in Schizophrenia and Borderline Personality Disorder). The qualitative dimension – highly interrelated with the quantitative one - regards the shift between adaptive (e.g. prosocial, nice ToM) vs. unadaptive (e.g. antisocial, nasty ToM) mental states content. The issue is discussed in light of recent evidence from outstanding researchers working on typical and atypical/clinical populations along the life-span. Findings from the fields of psychology, neuropsychology and neuroscience enrich the research topic argumentation.
Identità del male. La costruzione della violenza perfetta
Author: Burgio, Zamperini
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
ISBN: 8820450356
Pages: 240
Year: 2013
View: 455
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Potenziamento "abilitante" nei disturbi specifici di apprendimento
Author: Bruna Grasselli, Maria Matilde Nera, Cristiana Lucarelli, Daniela Consoni
Publisher: Armando Editore
ISBN: 8869920291
Pages: 144
Year: 2015-12-29
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Il testo attraversa i disturbi specifici dell’apprendimento, in particolare la dislessia, con uno sguardo pedagogico, aperto, curioso e pensoso e con l’intento di esplorare sentieri, anche fuori schema, per abilitare la competenza di lettura e nutrire il desiderio di leggere e di farlo con piacere. Questo ambizioso obiettivo costruisce le basi – prima ancora dell’ingresso del bambino nella scuola primaria – nella scuola dell’infanzia. È la scuola dell’infanzia il luogo strategico per osservare e riconoscere indicatori di difficoltà e per avviare un tempestivo itinerario di potenziamento dei prerequisiti, in particolare delle abilità metafonologiche, di arricchimento del linguaggio, di esplorazione delle molteplici possibilità di espressione. In un ambiente affettivamente denso risvegliare – con le parole di Elias Canetti – “la sete inestinguibile di lettere dell’alfabeto” e rendere piacevole l’attesa dell’apprendimento della letto-scrittura.
Emozioni, crimine, giustizia. Un’indagine storico-giuridica tra Otto e Novecento
Author: Emilia Musumeci
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
ISBN: 8891735353
Pages: 256
Year: 2015-11-26T00:00:00+01:00
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Sopravvivere all'evoluzione
Author: Mario Papadia
Publisher: Edizioni
ISBN: 8862924151
Pages: 268
Year: 2013
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Liquid Evil
Author: Zygmunt Bauman, Leonidas Donskis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509508155
Pages: 192
Year: 2016-04-29
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There is nothing new about evil; it has been with us since time immemorial. But there is something new about the kind of evil that characterizes our contemporary liquid-modern world. The evil that characterized earlier forms of solid modernity was concentrated in the hands of states claiming monopolies on the means of coercion and using the means at their disposal to pursue their ends ends that were at times horrifically brutal and barbaric. In our contemporary liquid-modern societies, by contrast, evil has become altogether more pervasive and at the same time less visible. Liquid evil hides in the seams of the canvass woven daily by the liquid-modern mode of human interaction and commerce, conceals itself in the very tissue of human cohabitation and in the course of its routine and day-to-day reproduction. Evil lurks in the countless black holes of a thoroughly deregulated and privatized social space in which cutthroat competition and mutual estrangement have replaced cooperation and solidarity, while forceful individualization erodes the adhesive power of inter-human bonds. In its present form evil is hard to spot, unmask and resist. It seduces us by its ordinariness and then jumps out without warning, striking seemingly at random. The result is a social world that is comparable to a minefield: we know it is full of explosives and that explosions will happen sooner or later but we have no idea when and where they will occur. In this new book, the sequel to their acclaimed work Moral Blindness Zygmunt Bauman and Leonidas Donskis guide the reader through this new terrain in which evil has become both more ordinary and more insidious, threatening to strip humanity of its dreams, alternative projects and powers of dissent at the very time when they are needed most.
The Psychopathic Mind
Author: Reid J. Meloy
Publisher: Jason Aronson, Incorporated
ISBN: 1461631742
Pages: 496
Year: 1992-10-01
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Forensic psychologist Reid Meloy identifies psychopathology as a deviant development disturbance characterized by inordinate instinctual aggression and the absence of a capacity bond. It is the definitive book on the subject. A Jason Aronson Book
Human Geography: People, Place, and Culture, 11th Edition
Author: Erin H. Fouberg, Alexander B. Murphy, Harm J. de Blij
Publisher: Wiley Global Education
ISBN: 1119031699
Pages: 472
Year: 2015-02-13
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Human Geography 11th edition focuses on how every human being forges an identity in a globalized world. The basic goal of this text is to provide students with a geographical perspective-analyzing something within its’ spatial, physical, and cultural context which provides important and unique ways of viewing and understanding issues in our world. Human Geography accomplishes this through the use of ESRI web maps and other technologies not available in more traditional texts.
I Am Your Mirror
Author: Matteo Rizzato, Davide Donelli
Publisher: Blossoming Books
ISBN: 889795121X
Pages: 114
Year: 2014-03-21
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Mirror neurons are one of the most extraordinary discoveries of contemporary neuroscience. They explain, on a scientific level, why we understand other people's behavior to a deep degree. They were discovered by Professor Giacomo Rizzolatti, who wrote the preface to this book. Our aim here is to provide basic knowledge of the key concepts of this discovery through the use of clear language and many illustrations. The book also covers the effects of mirror neurons in our daily lives and in the mechanisms that regulate social interactions, so we can learn how to handle them in a more effective way.
From Pain to Violence
Author: Felicity de Zulueta
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470034319
Pages: 414
Year: 2006-05-01
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Violence is all around us; yet, despite its widespread prevalence, we remain unclear about its causes. In this book Felicity de Zulueta - begins by defining "violence" as distinct from "aggression", and then attempts to trace its origins, highlighting the polarization between those who believe mankind to be innately violent and those who see violence as the outcome of man's life experiences. As a result of her investigations, the author suggests that the current high level of violence may well be linked to the effects of childhood and adult trauma which appear to be far more widespread than has hitherto been acknowledged. These findings are relevant to understanding why "normal" people can become violent in certain conditions. This is a second edition and has been fully updated. A new chapter on terrorism has been added.
On the Problem of Empathy
Author: Waltraut Stein
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401771278
Pages: 113
Year: 2013-12-11
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The Anatomy of Violence
Author: Adrian Raine
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307475611
Pages: 478
Year: 2014
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A criminologist who specializes in the neurological and biosocial bases of antisocial and violent behavior explains how impairments to areas of the brain that control fear, decision-making, and empathy can increase the likelihood of criminal activity.
Architecture and Embodiment
Author: Harry Francis Mallgrave
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135094233
Pages: 224
Year: 2013-06-26
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In recent years we have seen a number of dramatic discoveries within the biological and related sciences. Traditional arguments such as "nature versus nurture" are rapidly disappearing because of the realization that just as we are affecting our environments, so too do these altered environments restructure our cognitive abilities and outlooks. If the biological and technological breakthroughs are promising benefits such as extended life expectancies, these same discoveries also have the potential to improve in significant ways the quality of our built environments. This poses a compelling challenge to conventional architectural theory... This is the first book to consider these new scientific and humanistic models in architectural terms. Constructed as a series of five essays around the themes of beauty, culture, emotion, the experience of architecture, and artistic play, this book draws upon a broad range of discussions taking place in philosophy, psychology, biology, neuroscience, and anthropology, and in doing so questions what implications these discussions hold for architectural design. Drawing upon a wealth of research, Mallgrave argues that we should turn our focus away from the objectification of architecture (treating design as the creation of objects) and redirect it back to those for whom we design: the people inhabiting our built environments.

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