La Democrazia Attraverso I Diritti Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

La democrazia attraverso i diritti
Author: Luigi Ferrajoli
Publisher: Gius.Laterza & Figli Spa
ISBN: 8858110366
Pages: 296
Year: 2013-10-01T18:12:20+02:00
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Il costituzionalismo rigido ha cambiato profondamente la natura del diritto e della democrazia, imponendo alla politica limiti e vincoli sostanziali, a garanzia dei diritti fondamentali costituzionalmente stabiliti. Oggi l'intero edificio della democrazia costituzionale è aggredito, come modello teorico e come progetto politico, dall'asimmetria tra il carattere globale dei poteri economici e finanziari e i confini ancora statali del diritto e della democrazia; dall'abdicazione al ruolo di governo della politica, tanto impotente e subordinata ai mercati quanto onnipotente nei confronti dei soggetti deboli e dei loro diritti; dal generale sviluppo dell'illegalità o peggio dall'assenza di regole sui poteri, sia pubblici che privati. L'espansione del costituzionalismo e la costruzione delle sue garanzie all'altezza dei nuovi poteri economici globali è perciò il compito principale della politica e la sola alternativa razionale a un futuro di disordini, di violenze, di disuguaglianze e devastazioni ambientali, oltre che di involuzioni autoritarie e antidemocratiche.
On Human Rights
Author: James Griffin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191623415
Pages: 360
Year: 2009-08-27
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What is a human right? How can we tell whether a proposed human right really is one? How do we establish the content of particular human rights, and how do we resolve conflicts between them? These are pressing questions for philosophers, political theorists, jurisprudents, international lawyers, and activists. James Griffin offers answers in his compelling new investigation of the foundations of human rights. First, On Human Rights traces the idea of a natural right from its origin in the late Middle Ages, when the rights were seen as deriving from natural laws, through the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when the original theological background was progressively dropped and 'natural law' emptied of most of its original meaning. By the end of the Enlightenment, the term 'human rights' (droits de l'homme) appeared, marking the purge of the theological background. But the Enlightenment, in putting nothing in its place, left us with an unsatisfactory, incomplete idea of a human right. Griffin shows how the language of human rights has become debased. There are scarcely any accepted criteria, either in the academic or the public sphere, for correct use of the term. He takes on the task of showing the way towards a determinate concept of human rights, based on their relation to the human status that we all share. He works from certain paradigm cases, such as freedom of expression and freedom of worship, to more disputed cases such as welfare rights - for instance the idea of a human right to health. His goal is a substantive account of human rights - an account with enough content to tell us whether proposed rights really are rights. Griffin emphasizes the practical as well as theoretical urgency of this goal: as the United Nations recognized in 1948 with its Universal Declaration, the idea of human rights has considerable power to improve the lot of humanity around the world. We can't do without the idea of human rights, and we need to get clear about it. It is our job now - the job of this book - to influence and develop the unsettled discourse of human rights so as to complete the incomplete idea.
The Concept of Law
Author: HLA Hart
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191630071
Pages: 400
Year: 2012-10-25
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Fifty years on from its original publication, HLA Hart's The Concept of Law is widely recognized as the most important work of legal philosophy published in the twentieth century, and remains the starting point for most students coming to the subject for the first time. In this third edition, Leslie Green provides a new introduction that sets the book in the context of subsequent developments in social and political philosophy, clarifying misunderstandings of Hart's project and highlighting central tensions and problems in the work.
Weapons of Math Destruction
Author: Cathy O'Neil
Publisher: Crown Books
ISBN: 0553418815
Pages: 259
Year: 2016
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"A former Wall Street quantitative analyst sounds an alarm on mathematical modeling, a pervasive new force in society that threatens to undermine democracy and widen inequality, "--NoveList.
Democracy in Europe
Author: Luciano Canfora
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405154594
Pages: 304
Year: 2008-04-15
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This history traces the development of democracy in Europe from its origins in ancient Greece up to the present day. Considers all the major watersheds in the development of democracy in modern Europe. Describes the rediscovery of Ancient Greek political ideals by intellectuals at the end of the eighteenth century. Examines the twenty-year crisis from 1789 to 1815, when the repercussions of revolution in France were felt across the European continent. Explains how events in France led to the explosion of democratic movements between 1830 and 1848. Compares the different manifestations of democracy within Eastern and Western Europe during the latter half of the nineteenth century. Considers fascism and its consequences for democracy in Europe during the twentieth century. Demonstrates how in the recent past democracy itself has become the object of ideological battles.
Principles of politics applicable to all governments
Author: Benjamin Constant, Etienne Hofmann, Dennis O'Keeffe
Publisher: Liberty Fund Inc.
ISBN:
Pages: 558
Year: 2003-10-01
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Benjamin Constant (1767-1830) was born in Switzerland and became one of France's leading writers, as well as a journalist, philosopher, and politician. His colourful life included a formative stay at the University of Edinburgh; service at the court of Brunswick, Germany; election to the French Tribunate; and initial opposition and subsequent support for Napoleon, even the drafting of a constitution for the Hundred Days. Constant wrote many books, essays, and pamphlets. His deepest conviction was that reform is hugely superior to revolution, both morally and politically. While Constant's fluid, dynamic style and lofty eloquence do not always make for easy reading, his text forms a coherent whole, and in his translation Dennis O'Keeffe has focused on retaining the 'general elegance and subtle rhetoric' of the original. Sir Isaiah Berlin called Constant 'the most eloquent of all defenders of freedom and privacy' and believed to him we owe the notion of 'negative liberty', that is, what Biancamaria Fontana describes as "the protection of individual experience and choices from external interferences and constraints." To Constant it was relatively unimportant whether liberty was ultimately grounded in religion or metaphysics -- what mattered were the practical guarantees of practical freedom -- "autonomy in all those aspects of life that could cause no harm to others or to society as a whole." This translation is based on Etienne Hofmann's critical edition of Principes de politique (1980), complete with Constant's additions to the original work.
General Principles of Law - The Role of the Judiciary
Author: Laura Pineschi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319191802
Pages: 325
Year: 2015-06-22
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This book examines the role played by domestic and international judges in the “flexibilization” of legal systems through general principles. It features revised papers that were presented at the Annual Conference of the European-American Consortium for Legal Education, held at the University of Parma, Italy, May 2014. This volume is organized in four sections, where the topic is mainly explored from a comparative perspective, and includes case studies. The first section covers theoretical issues. It offers an analysis of principles in shaping Dworkin’s theories about international law, a reflection on the role of procedural principles in defining the role of the judiciary, a view on the role of general principles in transnational judicial communication, a study on the recognition of international law from formal criteria to substantive principles, and an inquiry from the viewpoint of neo-constitutionalism. The second section contains studies on the role of general principles in selected legal systems, including International Law, European Union Law as well as Common Law systems. The third section features an analysis of select legal principles in a comparative perspective, with a particular focus on the comparison between European and American experiences. The fourth and last section explores selected principles in given areas of law, including the misuse of the lex specialis principle in the relationship between international human rights law and international humanitarian law, the role of the judiciary in Poland as regards discrimination for sexual orientation, and the impact of the ECtHR case law on Italian criminal law with regard to the principle of legality. Overall, the book offers readers a thoughtful reflection on how the interpretation, application, and development of general principles of law by the judiciary contribute to the evolution of legal systems at both the domestic and international levels as well as further their reciprocal interactions.
Victors' Justice
Author: Danilo Zolo
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN:
Pages: 189
Year: 2009
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The author argues that contemporary international law functions as a two-track system: a made-to-measure law for the dominant countries and their allies, on the one hand, and a punitive regime for the losers and the disadvantaged, on the other
Electronic Constitution: Social, Cultural, and Political Implications
Author: Amoretti, Francesco
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1605662550
Pages: 310
Year: 2009-03-31
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Provides analysis of the relationship between digital information technologies and politics, relating these issues to the historical system transformation.
How Democracies Die
Author: Steven Levitsky, Daniel Ziblatt
Publisher: Crown
ISBN: 1524762938
Pages: 320
Year: 2018
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Fateful alliances -- Gatekeeping in America -- The great Republican abdication -- Subverting democracy -- The guardrails of democracy -- The unwritten rules of American politics -- The unraveling -- Trump against the guardrails -- Saving democracy
Hatred of Democracy
Author: Jacques Rancière
Publisher: Verso Trade
ISBN: 1781681503
Pages: 106
Year: 2014
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In this vehement defense of the principle of democracy, Jacques Ranciere argues that the West can no longer simply extol the virtues of democracy by contrasting it with the horrors of totalitarianism. With Western governments exporting democracy via brute force, and reactionary strands in mainstream political opinion willing to abandon civil liberties, Ranciere argues that true democracy-government by all-represents a challenge to all elitist forms of power, which has earned it the fear and hatred of the new ruling class. In a compelling and timely analysis, Hatred of Democracy rethinks the subversive power of the democratic ideal. 'This tastily sardonic essay is partly a scholarly sprint through the history of political philosophy, and partly a very enjoyable stream of insults directed at rival penseurs.' Guardian 'A piercing essay on the definitions and redefinitions of the term 'democracy'.' Times Higher Education Supplement 'In our time of the disorientation of the left, Ranciere's writings offer one the few consistent conceptualizations of how are to continue to resist' Slavoj Zizek
I custodi dei diritti
Author: Antoine Garapon
Publisher: Feltrinelli Editore
ISBN: 8807102323
Pages: 188
Year: 1997
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Teoria politica e democrazia. Dal passato al futuro
Author: AA. VV.
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
ISBN: 8856843927
Pages: 338
Year: 2011-03-16T00:00:00+01:00
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Poteri selvaggi
Author: Luigi Ferrajoli
Publisher: Gius.Laterza & Figli Spa
ISBN: 8858103254
Pages: 104
Year: 2012-05-18T06:00:00+02:00
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L'idea di democrazia, ha scritto Hans Kelsen, implica l'assenza di capi.In un paese come l'Italia che ha conosciuto il fascismo, l'idea stessa del capo quale espressione della volontà popolare è un'insidia micidiale per il futuro della democrazia.I poteri, lasciati senza limiti e controlli, tendono a concentrarsi e ad accumularsi in forme assolute: a tramutarsi, in assenza di regole, in poteri selvaggi. Di qui la necessità non solo di difendere, ma anche di ripensare e rifondare il sistema delle garanzie. Solo un rafforzamento della democrazia costituzionale, attraverso l'introduzione di nuove e specifiche garanzie dei diritti politici e della democrazia rappresentativa, consente infatti di salvaguardare e di rifondare sia l'una che l'altra. L'idea elementare che il consenso popolare sia la sola fonte di legittimazione del potere politico mina alla radice l'intero edificio della democrazia costituzionale. Ne derivano insofferenza per il pluralismo politico e istituzionale; svalutazione delle regole; attacchi alla separazione dei poteri, alle istituzioni di garanzia, all'opposizione parlamentare, al sindacato e alla libera stampa; in una parola, rifiuto del paradigma dello Stato costituzionale di diritto quale sistema di vincoli legali imposti a qualunque potere.
On Ethics and Economics
Author: Amartya Sen
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 0631164014
Pages: 148
Year: 1991-01-08
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In this elegant critique, Amartya Sen argues that welfare economics can be enriched by paying more explicit attention to ethics, and that modern ethical studies can also benefit from a closer contact with economies. He argues further that even predictive and descriptive economics can be helped by making more room for welfare-economic considerations in the explanation of behaviour.