Konstruktionsgrammatik Iii Aktuelle Fragen Und Loesungsansaetze Stauffenburg Linguistik Band 58 Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Bedeutung und Gebrauch der deutschen Modalverben
Author: Carolin Baumann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110540452
Pages: 478
Year: 2017-07-10
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Die Studie entwirft ein „modales Szenario" als Modell zur Beschreibung einer einheitlichen lexikalischen Modalverbbedeutung und prüft es anhand umfangreicher Korpusdaten. Wollen, mögen, sollen, dürfen, müssen und können erscheinen darin als Ausdruck von Situationsbedingungen, angeordnet in einem abstrakten Gegenüber aufeinander gerichteter, d.h. intentionaler, Instanzen. Die charakteristische Lesartvielfalt, deren lexemspezifische Ausformung sowie „idiosynkratische" Verwendungsweisen werden als systematischer Wechsel der Bezugsebene aufgrund lexikalisch angelegter Argumentforderungen einerseits und Interaktion mit strukturverwandten Zeichen andererseits erklärbar. „Grammatikalisierter" Bezug auf die aktuelle Kommunikationssituation entsteht, wo sich die nötigen intentionalen Referenten nicht im Dargestellten finden. Damit wechselt auch die Intentionalitätsform der Instanzen im „modalen Szenario" – von Wunsch und Absicht der Dargestellten zu Erfahrung, Urteil, Face der Kommunizierenden. Semantische Interaktion, v.a. mit Tempus und Modus, basiert auf verwandten Bedeutungsstrukturen. Der Konjunktiv wird in einer neuen Beschreibung als Ausdruck von ‚Alterität‘ gefasst, das Präteritum bezeichnet ‚Distanz‘; beides sind Merkmale einer szenischen Struktur.
Konstruktionsgrammatik III
Author: Alexander Lasch
Publisher:
ISBN: 3860571966
Pages: 281
Year: 2011
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Evidentiality in German
Author: Gabriele Diewald, Elena Smirnova
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311024103X
Pages: 374
Year: 2010-08-31
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This book is a comprehensive study of the evidential system in German. It presents a systematic description of the encoding of evidentiality in present-day German, as well as a diachronic reconstruction of the relevant sources and paths of grammaticalization from the Old High German period onwards. Based on empirical corpus research, the study investigates the degree of grammaticalization of each single evidential construction and the make-up of the present-day system as well as the diachronic stages that lead to the present state. The book focuses on three main issues. First, it is concerned with the general notion of evidentiality, its deictic character, and with the interrelations between the domains of evidentiality and epistemic modality. Second, the book presents the results of the synchronic corpus-based analysis of the German evidential periphrastic constructions werden 'become' + infinitive, scheinen 'seem', drohen 'threaten', versprechen 'promise' + zu 'to'- infinitive, which constitute a paradigm for coding evidentiality in Present Day German. Third, the diachronic development of the evidential constructions is represented as a complex grammaticalization process, interacting with the development of modal constructions and leading to a highly differentiated category of modal and evidential distinctions in the grammar of German.
The Genitive Case in Dutch and German
Author: Alan Scott
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004183280
Pages: 396
Year: 2013-12-02
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In The Genitive Case in Dutch and German, Alan K. Scott offers an account of the tension between morphosyntactic change and codification, focusing on the effect that codification has had on the genitive case and alternative constructions in both languages.
Constructions
Author: Adele E. Goldberg
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226300862
Pages: 265
Year: 1995-03-15
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Drawing on work in linguistics, language acquisition, and computer science, Adele E. Goldberg proposes that grammatical constructions play a central role in the relation between the form and meaning of simple sentences. She demonstrates that the syntactic patterns associated with simple sentences are imbued with meaning—that the constructions themselves carry meaning independently of the words in a sentence. Goldberg provides a comprehensive account of the relation between verbs and constructions, offering ways to relate verb and constructional meaning, and to capture relations among constructions and generalizations over constructions. Prototypes, frame semantics, and metaphor are shown to play crucial roles. In addition, Goldberg presents specific analyses of several constructions, including the ditransitive and the resultative constructions, revealing systematic semantic generalizations. Through a comparison with other current approaches to argument structure phenomena, this book narrows the gap between generative and cognitive theories of language.
Diachronic Construction Grammar
Author: Jóhanna Barðdal, Elena Smirnova, Lotte Sommerer, Spike Gildea
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027268614
Pages: 263
Year: 2015-07-15
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Construction Grammar as a framework offers a new perspective on traditional historical questions in diachronic linguistics and language change: how do new constructions arise, how should competition in diachronic variation be accounted for, how do constructions fall into disuse, and how do constructions change in general, formally and/or semantically, and with what implications for the language system as a whole? This volume offers a broad introduction to the confluence of Construction Grammar and historical syntax, and also detailed case studies of various instances of syntactic change modeled within Construction Grammar. The volume demonstrates that Construction Grammar as a theory is particularly well suited for modeling historical changes in morphosyntax, and it also documents challenging new phenomena that require a theoretical account within any competing framework of syntactic change.
C-test
Author: Rüdiger Grotjahn
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN: 3631553048
Pages: 260
Year: 2006
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C-Tests bestehen aus mehreren kurzen Texten, in denen die zweite Halfte jedes zweiten Wortes fehlt. Sie gelten in der Regel als objektives, reliables, valides und okonomisches Instrument zur Messung allgemeiner Sprachkompetenz und werden mittlerweile in einer Vielzahl von Kontexten eingesetzt. Der vorliegende Sammelband illustriert den aktuellen Stand der (anwendungsbezogenen) C-Test-Forschung - mit einem Schwerpunkt auf der zentralen Frage der Konstruktvaliditat.<BR> C-Tests consist of several short texts in which the second half of every second word has been deleted. As a rule, they are considered to be objective, reliable, valid and economical tests of general language proficiency. C-Tests are currently used in many contexts, including high-stakes applications. The present collection of papers illustrates the state of the art of (application-oriented) C-Test research, with a special focus on construct validity."
Multiword Units in Machine Translation and Translation Technology
Author: Ruslan Mitkov, Johanna Monti, Gloria Corpas Pastor, Violeta Seretan
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027264201
Pages: 259
Year: 2018-07-15
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The correct interpretation of Multiword Units (MWUs) is crucial to many applications in Natural Language Processing but is a challenging and complex task. In recent years, the computational treatment of MWUs has received considerable attention but there is much more to be done before we can claim that NLP and Machine Translation (MT) systems process MWUs successfully. This volume provides a general overview of the field with particular reference to Machine Translation and Translation Technology and focuses on languages such as English, Basque, French, Romanian, German, Dutch and Croatian, among others. The chapters of the volume illustrate a variety of topics that address this challenge, such as the use of rule-based approaches, compound splitting techniques, MWU identification methodologies in multilingual applications, and MWU alignment issues.
Beyond Nature-Nurture
Author: Michael Tomasello, Dan Isaac Slobin
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1135611122
Pages: 392
Year: 2004-09-22
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Beyond Nature-Nurture: Essays in Honor of Elizabeth Bates is a very special tribute to the University of California at San Diego psycholinguist, developmental psychologist, and cognitive scientist Elizabeth Ann Bates, who died on December 14, 2003 from pancreatic cancer. Liz was a force of nature; she was also a nurturing force, as is evidenced by this collaborative collection of chapters written by many of her closest colleagues and former students. The book covers a brilliant career of wide-ranging interdisciplinary interests, such as the brain bases of language in children and adults; language and cognitive development in normal and neurologically impaired populations of children; real-time language processing in monolinguals and bilinguals; and crosslinguistic comparisons of language development, language use, and language loss. In this volume the contributors provide up-to-date reviews of these and other areas of research in an attempt to continue in the directions in which she has pointed us. The genius of Bates is founded on a deep dedication to science, supported by an enduring sense of humor. The volume is introduced by the editors' collection of "Bates's aphorisms," the wisdom of which guide much of the field today: "[T]he human capacity for language could be both innate and species-specific, and yet involve no mechanisms that evolved specifically and uniquely for language itself. Language could be viewed as a new machine constructed entirely out of old parts." (Bates & MacWhinney, 1989) The volume also contains a list of her many important publications, as well as some personal reflections of some of the contributors, noting ways in which she made a difference in their lives. Beyond Nature-Nurture: Essays in Honor of Elizabeth Bates appeals to international scholars in the fields of developmental psycholinguistics, cognitive science, crosslinguistic research, and both child and adult language disorders. It is a state-of-the-art overview of many areas of cognitive science, and can be used in a graduate-level classroom in courses designed as seminars in any of these topics.
Default Semantics
Author: Katarzyna Jaszczolt
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199261989
Pages: 279
Year: 2005
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Dr Jaszczolt describes the foundations of an original theory of meaning in discourse, revealing the cognitive foundations of discourse interpretation, and puts forward a new basis for the analysis of discourse processing.
Linguistic Realization of Evidentiality in European Languages
Author: Gabriele Diewald, Elena Smirnova
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311022397X
Pages: 377
Year: 2011-01-01
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This book presents a selection of contributions to the workshop "Linguistic realization of evidentiality in European languages", held at the 30th Annual Convention of the German Society of Linguistics in Bamberg (February 27-29, 2008), and additional papers, which have been especially commissioned for this volume. Its main focus lies on providing further empirical evidence about languages that have various - lexical as well as grammatical - evidential expressions. The papers in this volume will offer a cross-linguistic perspective on this topic as they deal with a number of different language families and languages: Romance languages (French, Spanish, Italian), Germanic languages (Dutch, German, English, Icelandic), Baltic and Slavic languages, Greek, Basque, and Turkish.
Contrastive Studies in Construction Grammar
Author: Hans Christian Boas
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027204322
Pages: 244
Year: 2010
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The papers in this volume provide a contrastive application of Construction Grammar. By referencing a well-described constructional phenomenon in English, each paper provides a solid foundation for describing and analyzing its constructional counterpart in another language. This approach shows that the semantic description (including discourse-pragmatic and functioanl factors) of an English construction can be regarded as a first step towards a "tertium comparationis" that can be employed for comparing and contrasting the formal properties of constructional counterparts in other languages. Thus, the meaning pole of constructions should be regarded as the primary basis for comparisons of constructions across languages - the form pole is only secondary. This volume shows that constructions are viable descriptive and analytical tools for cross-linguistic comparisons that make it possible to capture both language-specific (idiosyncratic) properties as well as cross-linguistic generalizations.
Temporality in Interaction
Author: Arnulf Deppermann, Susanne Günthner
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027268991
Pages: 342
Year: 2015-03-20
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Time is a constitutive element of everyday interaction: all verbal interaction is produced and interpreted in time. However, it is only recently that research in linguistics has started to take the temporality of linguistic production and reception in interaction into account by studying the real-time and on-line dimension of spoken language. This volume is the first systematic collection of studies exploring temporality in interaction and its theoretical foundations. It brings together researchers focusing on how temporality impinges on the production and interpretation of linguistic structures in interaction and how linguistic resources are designed to deal with the exigencies and potentials of temporality in interaction. The volume provides new insights into the temporal design of a range of heretofore unexplored linguistic phenomena from various languages as well as into the temporal aspects of linguistic structures in embodied interaction.
Die Abtoenungspartikeln Im DaF-Unterricht
Author: Manja Montag
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN: 3631656149
Pages: 355
Year: 2014-11-26
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Die Abtonungspartikeln sind in der deutschen Sprache allgegenwartig. Sie haben einen hohen kulturspezifischen Wert und erfullen wichtige kommunikative Funktionen. Deutsche Muttersprachler verwenden sie ebenso haufig wie unbewusst. Schon seit den 1960er Jahren erforschen Linguisten daher die deutschen Abtonungspartikeln und betonen stets den hohen Schwierigkeitsgrad bei der methodischen Vermittlung der Partikeln im DaF-Unterricht. In den Dialogen der modernen Lehrwerke sind die Partikeln stark prasent, auch erste didaktische Ansatze zur Vermittlung bestehen schon. Viele DaF-Lehrkrafte kennen die Partikelfunktionen jedoch nicht, weshalb sie die Abtonungspartikeln nur selten unterrichten. Das Wissen darum ist in der Didaktik kaum zuganglich und die vorhandenen didaktischen Ansatze zur Partikelvermittlung fuhren nicht zum Lernerfolg. Der Anspruch dieser Arbeit besteht darin, die Erkenntnisse der Partikelforschung in den modernen Sprachunterricht zu integrieren, indem verschiedene Lehrmethoden entwickelt werden, mit denen die Partikeln lernergerecht und einfach vermittelt werden konnen. Das Ziel ist es, vielfaltige und flexible Moglichkeiten aufzuzeigen, wie Lehrkrafte die Abtonungspartikeln im kommunikativen und sprechhandlungsorientierten DaF-Unterricht explizit vermitteln konnen."
The Grammatical Structures of English and Italian
Author: Frederick Browning Agard, Robert J. Di Pietro
Publisher:
ISBN: 0226010228
Pages: 91
Year: 1965
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