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Internetangebotssperren
Author: Karina Grisse
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 316155695X
Pages: 656
Year: 2018-02-12
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English summary: Karina Grisse examines the legitimacy and possible implementation into national law of access blocking as a means to combat illegal content on the internet, especially intellectual property infringement. She drafts a statutory provision, which could serve as the legal basis for proportionate blocking injunctions by courts as an ultima ratio means against highly illegal online platforms and services. The English judicial practice regarding blocking injunctions serves as a model. German description: Das EU-Recht gibt vor, dass Vermittler, deren Dienste von Dritten zur Verletzung von geistigen Eigentumsrechten genutzt werden, zu Massnahmen verpflichtet werden mussen, um die Rechtsverletzung zu beenden. Uber die Frage, ob auch die Sperrung von rechtsverletzenden Internetangeboten durch Internetzugangsanbieter Gegenstand solcher Massnahmen sein kann, wird in Deutschland seit langem gestritten. In England ordnet der High Court dagegen seit Jahren die Sperrung von Internetangeboten an, wenn dort in grossem Stil Rechte verletzt werden. Karina Grisse untersucht die europaischen Vorgaben mit Blick auf Anordnungen gegen Zugangsanbieter und die diesbezugliche englische Praxis. Sie entwirft eine Regelung, aufgrund derer gerichtliche Sperranordnungen auch in Deutschland ergehen konnten, die aber - nicht zuletzt durch die Wahl des Verfahrens - sicherstellen soll, dass Internetangebotssperren nur in Fallen gravierender Rechtsverletzungen, nach Abwagung aller betroffenen Interessen im Einzelfall und nur in verhaltnismassiger Ausgestaltung zum Einsatz kommen.
Biometrics, Crime and Security
Author: Marcus Smith, Monique Mann, Gregor Urbas
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351724029
Pages: 134
Year: 2018-01-31
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This book addresses the use of biometrics – including fingerprint identification, DNA identification and facial recognition – in the criminal justice system: balancing the need to ensure society is protected from harms, such as crime and terrorism, while also preserving individual rights. It offers a comprehensive discussion of biometric identification that includes a consideration of: basic scientific principles, their historical development, the perspectives of political philosophy, critical security and surveillance studies; but especially the relevant law, policy and regulatory issues. Developments in key jurisdictions where the technology has been implemented, including the United Kingdom, United States, Europe and Australia, are examined. This includes case studies relating to the implementation of new technology, policy, legislation, court judgements, and where available, empirical evaluations of the use of biometrics in criminal justice systems. Examples from non-western areas of the world are also considered. Accessibly written, this book will be of interest to undergraduate, postgraduate and research students, academic researchers, as well as professionals in government, security, legal and private sectors.
The Routledge International Handbook of Forensic Intelligence and Criminology
Author: Quentin Rossy, David Décary-Hétu, Olivier Delémont, Massimiliano Mulone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113488902X
Pages: 274
Year: 2017-12-06
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Despite a shared focus on crime and its ‘extended family’, forensic scientists and criminologists tend to work in isolation rather than sharing the data, methods and knowledge that will broaden the understanding of the criminal phenomenon and its related subjects. Bringing together perspectives from international experts, this book explores the intersection between criminology and forensic science and considers how knowledge from both fields can contribute to a better understanding of crime and offer new directions in theory and methodology. This handbook is divided into three parts: Part I explores the epistemological and historical components of criminology and forensic science, focusing on their scientific and social origins. Part II considers how collaboration between these disciplines can bring about a better understanding of the organizations and institutions that react to crime, including the court, intelligence, prevention, crime scene investigation and policing. Part III discusses the phenomena and actors that produce crime, including a reflection on the methodological issues, challenges and rewards regarding the sharing of these two disciplines. The objective of this handbook is to stimulate a ‘new’ interdisciplinary take on the study of crime, to show how both forensic and criminological theories and knowledge can be combined to analyse crime problems and to open new methodological perspectives. It will be essential reading for students and researchers engaged with forensic science, criminology, criminal behaviour, criminal investigation, crime analysis and criminal justice.
Getting Respect
Author: Michèle Lamont, Graziella Moraes Silva, Jessica Welburn, Joshua Guetzkow, Nissim Mizrachi, Hanna Herzog, Elisa Reis
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400883776
Pages: 400
Year: 2016-09-06
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Racism is a common occurrence for members of marginalized groups around the world. Getting Respect illuminates their experiences by comparing three countries with enduring group boundaries: the United States, Brazil and Israel. The authors delve into what kinds of stigmatizing or discriminatory incidents individuals encounter in each country, how they respond to these occurrences, and what they view as the best strategy—whether individually, collectively, through confrontation, or through self-improvement—for dealing with such events. This deeply collaborative and integrated study draws on more than four hundred in-depth interviews with middle- and working-class men and women residing in and around multiethnic cities—New York City, Rio de Janeiro, and Tel Aviv—to compare the discriminatory experiences of African Americans, black Brazilians, and Arab Palestinian citizens of Israel, as well as Israeli Ethiopian Jews and Mizrahi (Sephardic) Jews. Detailed analysis reveals significant differences in group behavior: Arab Palestinians frequently remain silent due to resignation and cynicism while black Brazilians see more stigmatization by class than by race, and African Americans confront situations with less hesitation than do Ethiopian Jews and Mizrahim, who tend to downplay their exclusion. The authors account for these patterns by considering the extent to which each group is actually a group, the sociohistorical context of intergroup conflict, and the national ideologies and other cultural repertoires that group members rely on. Getting Respect is a rich and daring book that opens many new perspectives into, and sets a new global agenda for, the comparative analysis of race and ethnicity.
Comparative Law
Author: Mathias Siems
Publisher: Law in Context
ISBN: 1107182417
Pages: 500
Year: 2018-03-31
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The most up-to-date and contextualised offering for comparative law students and scholars, referencing the newest research in the field.
Advanced Introduction to Comparative Constitutional Law
Author: Mark Tushnet
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781007322
Pages: 144
Year: 2014-03-28
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Mark Tushnet, a world-renowned scholar of constitutional law, presents an introduction to comparative constitutional law through an analysis of topics at the cutting edge of contemporary scholarship.
The Reparative Effects of Human Rights Trials
Author: Rosario Figari Layus
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351627627
Pages: 222
Year: 2017-08-07
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Justice in domestic courts is one of the most prominent aims of victims seeking to obtain accountability for human rights violations. It is, however, also one of the most difficult to achieve. In many Latin American countries, as well as elsewhere, activists have put human rights prosecutions forward as a fundamental means to end impunity, build democracy, strengthen the rule of law and address victims’ rights. But there is still little knowledge about what actually happens when these judicial mechanisms are effectively put to work. Can prosecutions of mass human rights violations contribute to overcome the effects of state violence and impunity? Can trials enable meaningful reparative changes for victims in their local contexts? Analysing the human rights trials in Argentina established to prosecute those responsible for human rights violations during the military dictatorship, this book addresses how and why domestic prosecutions can operate as a means for reparation and contribute to dealing with the damage caused by crimes against humanity. Based on a series of interviews conducted with victims participating in these prosecutions, as well as with lawyers, prosecutors, judges and other relevant actors in five provinces of Argentina, this book will be of considerable interest to those studying and working in the interdisciplinary field of transitional justice and human rights. The PhD thesis on which this book was based was awarded with the 2016 Doctoral Studies Award of the Philipps University of Marburg in Germany.
The Bloody Code in England and Wales, 1760–1830
Author: John Walliss
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319745611
Pages: 176
Year: 2018-03-09
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This book is a comparative quantitative analysis of the administration of justice across four English and three Welsh counties between 1760 and 1830. Drawing on a dataset of over 22,000 indictments, the book explores the similarities and differences between how the so-called Bloody Code was administered between, on the one hand, England and Wales, and, on the other, individual English and Welsh counties. The book is structured in two sections that trace the criminal justice process in England and Wales respectively. The first chapter in each section examines the pattern of indictments in the respective counties, and explores the crimes for which men and women were indicted, the verdicts handed down, and the sentences passed. The second chapter then explores patterns of sentences of death, executions and pardons for those capitally convicted of serious crimes against the person and forms of property offences.
The Golden and Ghoulish Age of the Gibbet in Britain
Author: Sarah Tarlow
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137600896
Pages: 155
Year: 2015-12-29
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 licence. This book is the first academic study of the post-mortem practice of gibbeting (‘hanging in chains’), since the nineteenth century. Gibbeting involved placing the executed body of a malefactor in an iron cage and suspending it from a tall post. A body might remain in the gibbet for many decades, while it gradually fell to pieces. Hanging in chains was a very different sort of post-mortem punishment from anatomical dissection, although the two were equal alternatives in the eyes of the law. Where dissection obliterated and de-individualised the body, hanging in chains made it monumental and rooted it in the landscape, adding to personal notoriety. Focusing particularly on the period 1752-1832, this book provides a summary of the historical evidence, the factual history of gibbetting which explores the locations of gibbets, the material technologies involved in hanging in chains, and the actual process from erection to eventual collapse. It also considers the meanings, effects and legacy of this gruesome practice.
Criminal Law
Author: Jonathan Herring
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137609273
Pages: 355
Year: 2017-03-09
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This popular and long-established textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the basic principles of criminal liability and to the main criminal offences, together with insightsinto the controversies and debates that surround the subject. The text is written in a clear and engaging manner, making the fundamental concepts easy to grasp. The new edition has been updated to reflect recent developments in the law. For example, it provides commentary on the comprehensive review and reform of the Law on Accessories, with reference to R v Jogee. With excellent features such as the updated ‘Hot topic’ discussion boxes and further reading suggestions, it is an ideal companion for both law undergraduates and GDL/CPE students. Jonathan Herring is a Professor of Law at the University of Oxford and a Fellow in Law at Exeter College, Oxford. He is series editor of the Great Debates in Law series, also published by Palgrave. ‘Jonathan Herring’s Criminal Law is well organised, succinct and highly accessible. In addition to offering clarity in the exposition of criminal law principles, this thoughtful book situates the study of criminal law in the context of important controversies and debates. In doing so, it brings the subject to life.’ – Alex Sharpe, Keele University, UK ‘Covering a comprehensive array of topics which will be of relevance to most Criminal Law modules, this text serves as an excellent, engaging introduction to critical debates in the area.’– Lydia Bleasdale-Hill, University of Leeds, UK
Criminology: The Core
Author: Larry J. Siegel
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1337670537
Pages: 544
Year: 2018-01-01
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It's no mystery why Larry Siegel remains THE best-selling author in Criminal Justice. Professor Siegel is known for presenting real-life stories of crime, criminals and the hottest debates in the field, and CRIMINOLOGY: THE CORE, 7th Edition, doesn't disappoint. This four-color paperback is concise and affordable. Real-world material clarifies concepts and theories, equipping students with a solid foundation in modern criminology. Grounded in Siegel's signature style--cutting-edge theory plus meticulous research--the book covers all sides of an issue without taking a political or theoretical position and provides a broad view of the field's interdisciplinary nature. This edition includes the latest insights into political crime; terrorism (e.g., ISIS); white-collar, blue-collar and green-collar crime; cybercrime; transnational crime (e.g. human trafficking) and many other topics. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Understanding Victimology
Author: Shelly Clevenger, Jordana N. Navarro, Catherine D. Marcum, George E. Higgins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1498772889
Pages: 213
Year: 2018-02-28
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Understanding Victimology: An Active-Learning Approach explains what the field of victimology is—including its major theoretical perspectives and research methods—and provides insight into the dynamics of various offline and online crimes from the victims’ vantage point. It is the only textbook to provide numerous innovative active learning exercises to enhance and reinforce student learning, and it addresses important contemporary topics that have thus far not been covered by other victimology texts, including identity theft, hate crimes, and terrorism. This unique and relevant work is ideal for students, academics, and practitioners who are interested in a comprehensive introduction to victimology.
Introduction to Belgian Law
Author: Hubert Bocken, Walter de Bondt
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041114564
Pages: 464
Year: 2001
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Introduction to the Laws.....Series Volume 3 This introduction identifies the basic legal sources, institutions and concepts, it offers a systematic and critical description of the principal branches of the law and it provides the necessary historical background. Each of the 16 chapters is concluded with a selected bibliography. The book is written for a diversified, primarily non-Belgian readership including practising lawyers, business people, government officials, researchers, and students interested in a reliable overview of Belgian law and institution.
EU Constitutional Law
Author: Allan Rosas, Lorna Armati
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 150990915X
Pages: 352
Year: 2018-05-17
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The third edition of this acclaimed book continues the story of the EU's constitutional journey. The EU's constitution, composed of myriad legal texts, case law and practice, is no less of a moving target than before and the pace of change has, if anything, increased since the publication of the second edition. In a constantly challenging geopolitical context, the EU faces unprecedented political, economic and cultural trials, all of which impact upon the evolution of its constitution. In particular, the migration crisis has given rise to the need for substantial revision of the chapter dealing with the area of freedom, security and justice, and the institutional reforms embarked upon in the quest to restore financial order have taken a more structured form following the inception of a European banking union. Fully updated to include the ramifications of Brexit, the book succeeds – where others have struggled – in making sense of the EU's complex constitutional order, focusing on its essential features but taking into account the profound changes that have taken place over the past 20 years. The EU has become much more than an internal economic market. Recently it may even be argued that the focus of action has been in areas such as immigration and third-country nationals, security and defence policy, and penal law and procedure, and the work towards creating a European banking union underlines the continued need to monitor economic and fiscal policy. Eschewing too much detail, the authors underline the essential values, principles and objectives of the integration regime as well as its basic normative structure and hierarchy. In this context, the decentralised nature of the EU is highlighted as an integral part of its constitutional make-up. Recurring themes include European citizenship, fundamental rights and the rule of law. The book also confronts head-on the problems and challenges facing the Union and the gap which is often perceived between lofty ideals and harsh realities. The book will be useful to students of EU law and European integration but will also appeal to a broader audience of researchers and practitioners, including political scientists.
Violent Extremism Online
Author: Anne Aly, Stuart Macdonald, Lee Jarvis, Thomas Chen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317431871
Pages: 210
Year: 2016-05-05
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This book explores the interface between terrorism and the internet and presents contemporary approaches to understanding violent extremism online. The volume focuses on four issues in particular: terrorist propaganda on the internet; radicalisation and the internet; counter campaigns and approaches to disrupting internet radicalisation; and approaches to researching and understanding the role of the internet in radicalisation. The book brings together expertise from a wide range of disciplines and geographical regions including Europe, the US, Canada and Australia. These contributions explore the various roles played by the Internet in radicalisation; the reasons why terroristic propaganda may or may not influence others to engage in violence; the role of political conflict in online radicalisation; and the future of research into terrorism and the internet. By covering this broad range of topics, the volume will make an important and timely addition to the current collections on a growing and international subject. This book will be of much interest to students and researchers of cyber-security, internet politics, terrorism studies, media and communications studies, and International Relations.

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