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Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds
Author: Thomas Böllinghaus, Horst Herold
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540223320
Pages: 394
Year: 2005-03-08
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Hot cracking in welds still has not been fully understood. Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds contains 20 individual contributions from experts all over the world. The book provides the latest insight on hot cracking phenomena in welds and gives a comprehensive overview of the state of knowledge in this subject, addressing engineers and scientists in research and development. It contains numerous solutions and helpful guidance on specific problems, particularly for welding engineers confronted with hot cracking in practice. The book touches all three types of hot cracking, namely solidification cracking, liquation cracking and ductility dip cracking. It explains the differences of the mechanisms,thus representing also a very helpful tool for metallurgists and advanced engineering students. TOC:Phenomena and Mechanisms.- Metallurgy and Materials.- Modelling and Simulation.- Testing and Standardisation.
Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds II
Author: Thomas Boellinghaus, Horst Herold, Carl E. Cross, J C Lippold
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540786287
Pages: 467
Year: 2008-08-07
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Failure of welded components can occur during service as well as during fabrication. Most common, analyses of the resistance of welded components against failure are targeted at crack avoidance. Such evaluations are increasingly carried out by modern weldability studies, i. e. considering interactions between the selected base and filler materials, structural design and welding process. Such weldability investigations are particularly targeted to prevent hot cracking, as one of the most common cracking phenomena occurring during weld fabrication. To provide an international information and discussion platform to combat hot cracking, an international workshop on Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds has been created, based on an initiative of the Institute for Materials and Joining Technology at the Otto-von-Guericke University in Magdeburg and the Division V. 5 – Safety of Joined Components at the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) in Berlin, Germany. The first workshop was organized in Berlin under the topics mechanisms and phenomena, metallurgy and materials, modelling and simulations as well as testing and standardization. It consisted of 20 individual contributions from eight countries, which were compiled in a book that found a very ready market, not only in the welding community. As a consequence of increasing interest, it has been decided to establish the Workshop on Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds as a regular event every three years embedded in the International Institute of Welding (IIW). Attached to the IIW Commission IX and II Spring intermediate meetings, the second workshop was organized in March 2007.
Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds III
Author: John C. Lippold, Thomas Boellinghaus, Carl E. Cross
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642168647
Pages: 439
Year: 2011-05-03
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This is the third in a series of compendiums devoted to the subject of weld hot cracking. It contains 22 papers presented at the 3rd International Hot Cracking Workshop in Columbus, Ohio USA in March 2010. In the context of this workshop, the term “hot cracking” refers to elevated temperature cracking associated with either the weld metal or heat-affected zone. These hot cracking phenomena include weld solidification cracking, HAZ and weld metal liquation cracking, and ductility-dip cracking. The book is divided into three major sections based on material type; specifically aluminum alloys, steels, and nickel-base alloys. Each of these sections begins with a keynote paper from prominent researchers in the field: Dr. Sindo Kou from the University of Wisconsin, Dr. Thomas Böllinghaus from BAM and the University of Magdeburg, and Dr. John DuPont from Lehigh University. The papers contained within include the latest insight into the mechanisms associated with hot cracking in these materials and methods to prevent cracking through material selection, process modification, or other means. The three Hot Cracking Phenomena in Welds compendiums combined contain a total of 64 papers and represent the best collection of papers on the topic of hot cracking ever assembled.
Cracking Phenomena in Welds IV
Author: Thomas Boellinghaus, John C. Lippold, Carl Edward Cross
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319284347
Pages: 512
Year: 2016-02-10
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This is the fourth volume in the well-established series of compendiums devoted to the subject of weld hot cracking. It contains the papers presented at the 4th International Cracking Workshop held in Berlin in April 2014. In the context of this workshop, the term “cracking” refers to hot cracking in the classical and previous sense, but also to cold cracking, stress-corrosion cracking and elevated temp. solid-state cracking. A variety of different cracking subjects are discussed, including test standards, crack prediction, weldability determination, crack mitigation, stress states, numerical modelling, and cracking mechanisms. Likewise, many different alloys were investigated such as aluminum alloys, copper-aluminum dissimilar metal, austenitic stainless steel, nickel base alloys, duplex stainless steel, creep resistant steel, and high strength steel.
Welding Metallurgy of Stainless Steels
Author: Erich Folkhard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709189659
Pages: 279
Year: 2012-12-06
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When considering the operational performance of stainless steel weldments the most important points to consider are corrosion resistance, weld metal mechanical properties and the integrity ofthe weldedjoint. Mechanical and corrosion resistance properties are greatly influenced by the metallurgical processes that occur during welding or during heat treatment of welded components. This book is aimed, there fore, at providing information on the metallurgical problems that may be encountered during stainless steel welding. In this way we aim to help overcome a certain degree of insecurity that is often encountered in welding shops engaged in the welding of stainless steels and is often the cause of welding problems which may in some instances lead to the premature failure of the welded component. The metallurgical processes that occur during the welding of stainless steel are of a highly intricate nature. The present book focuses in particular on the signif icance of constitution diagrams, on the processes occurring during the solidification of weld metal and on the recrystallization and precipitation phenomena which take place in the area of the welds. There are specific chapters covering the hot cracking resistance during welding and the practical welding of a number of different stainless steel grades. In addition, recommendations are given as to the most suitable procedures to be followed in order to obtain maximum corrosion resistance and mechanical properties from the weldments.
Weld Cracking in Ferrous Alloys
Author: R Singh
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845695453
Pages: 576
Year: 2008-12-12
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Weld cracks are unacceptable defects that can compromise the integrity of welded structures. Weld cracking can lead to structural failures which at best will require remedial action and at worst can lead to loss of life. Weld cracking in ferrous alloys reviews the latest developments in the design, evaluation, prevention and repair of weld cracks. Part one reviews the fundamentals as well as recent advances in the areas of welding technology, design and material selection for preventing weld cracking. Part two analyses weld crack behaviour, evaluation and repair of cracking/cracked welds. The book benefits from an extensive and robust chapter on the topic of NDE and quality control that was contributed by one of the most respected non-destructive evaluation and development groups in the world. Part three covers environment assisted weld cracking. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Weld cracking in ferrous alloys is a valuable source of reference for all those concerned with improving the quality of welding and welded components. In the planning and development of this book, particular care has been taken to make the chapters suitable for people from other disciplines who need to understand weld cracking and failure. Reviews the latest developments in the design, evaluation, prevention and repair of weld cracks Assesses recent advances in welding technology, design and material selection Analyses weld crack behaviour, evaluation and repair including environment assisted weld cracking
Handbook of Laser Welding Technologies
Author: S Katayama
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098772
Pages: 654
Year: 2013-06-30
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Laser welding is a rapidly developing and versatile technology which has found increasing applications in industry and manufacturing. It allows the precision welding of small and hard-to-reach areas, and is particularly suitable for operation under computer or robotic control. The Handbook of laser welding technologies reviews the latest developments in the field and how they can be used across a variety of applications. Part one provides an introduction to the fundamentals of laser welding before moving on to explore developments in established technologies including CO2 laser welding, disk laser welding and laser micro welding technology. Part two highlights laser welding technologies for various materials including aluminium and titanium alloys, plastics and glass. Part three focuses on developments in emerging laser welding technologies with chapters on the applications of robotics in laser welding and developments in the modelling and simulation of laser and hybrid laser welding. Finally, part four explores the applications of laser welding in the automotive, railway and shipbuilding industries. The Handbook of laser welding technologies is a technical resource for researchers and engineers using laser welding technologies, professionals requiring an understanding of laser welding techniques and academics interested in the field. Provides an introduction to the fundamentals of laser welding including characteristics, welding defects and evolution of laser welding Discusses developments in a number of techniques including disk, conduction and laser micro welding Focusses on technologies for particular materials such as light metal alloys, plastics and glass
Nanocosmetics and Nanomedicines
Author: Ruy Beck, Silvia Guterres, Adriana Pohlmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642197922
Pages: 368
Year: 2011-04-06
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The book "Nanocosmetics and nanomedicines: new approaches for skin care” contains a summary of the most important nanocarriers for skin delivery. Although “nanocosmetics” is a subject widely commented in the academy and the beauty industry, a book covering the skin care treatments using nanotechnological approaches with cosmetics and nanomedicines is still missing, therefore the need for this publication. This book is divided in three parts: The first one (Part A) is devoted to a brief review on the main topics related to the skin delivery and to the introduction of the subject “nanocosmetics”. The second part (Part B) presents different types of nanocarriers applied as skin delivery systems for cosmetics or drugs. The last part (Part C) shows a wide range of applications of nanotechnology on the skin care area as well as on dermatocosmetic and dermatological fields.
Friction Stir Welding and Processing IX
Author: Yuri Hovanski, Rajiv Mishra, Yutaka Sato, Piyush Upadhyay, David Yan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331952383X
Pages: 324
Year: 2017-02-06
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This books presents a current look at friction stir welding technology from application to characterization and from modeling to R&D. It is a compilation of the recent progress relating to friction stir technologies including derivative technologies, high-temperature applications, industrial applications, dissimilar alloy/materials, lightweight alloys, simulation, and characterization. With contributions from leaders and experts in industry and academia, this will be a comprehensive source for the field of Friction Stir Welding and Processing.
Metallurgy and Mechanics of Welding
Author: Regis Blondeau
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118623746
Pages: 512
Year: 2013-03-01
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This book offers a comprehensive overview on the subject of welding. Written by a group of expert contributors, the book covers all welding methods, from traditional to high-energy plasmas and lasers. The reference presents joint welding, stainless steel welding, aluminum welding, welding in the nuclear industry, and all aspects of welding quality control.
Light Metals 2014
Author: John Grandfield
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319481444
Year: 2016-12-23
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The Light Metals symposia are a key part of the TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, presenting the most recent developments, discoveries, and practices in primary aluminum science and technology. Publishing the proceedings from these important symposia, the Light Metals volume has become the definitive reference in the field of aluminum production and related light metal technologies. The 2014 collection includes papers from the following symposia: •Alumina and Bauxite •Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications •Aluminum Processing •Aluminum Reduction Technology •Cast Shop for Aluminum Production •Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production •Light-metal Matrix (Nano)-composites
Embrittlement of Engineering Alloys
Author: C. L. Briant
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148328865X
Pages: 623
Year: 2013-10-22
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Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 25: Embrittlement of Engineering Alloys is an 11-chapter text that describes some situations that produce premature failure of several engineering alloys, including steels and nickel- and aluminum-base alloys. Chapters 1 to 3 consider situations where improper alloy composition, processing, and/or heat treatment can lead to a degradation of mechanical properties, even in the absence of an aggressive environment or an elevated temperature. Chapters 4 and 5 examine the effect of elevated temperatures on the mechanical properties of both ferrous and nonferrous alloys. Chapters 6 and 7 discuss the effects of corrosive environments on both stressed and unstressed materials. In these environments anodic dissolution is the primary step that leads to failure. Chapters 8 to 10 deal with the effects of aggressive environments that lead to enhanced decohesion or embrittlement of the metal, such as hydrogen, liquid metal, and irradiation-induced embrittlement. Chapter 11 looks into the embrittlement phenomena occurring during welding, one of the most common processing conditions to which a material could be subjected. This book will prove useful to materials scientists and researchers.
Welding and Joining of Magnesium Alloys
Author: L Liu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857090429
Pages: 404
Year: 2010-10-28
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Due to the wide application of magnesium alloys in metals manufacturing, it is very important to employ a reliable method of joining these reactive metals together and to other alloys. Welding and joining of magnesium alloys provides a detailed review of both established and new techniques for magnesium alloy welding and their characteristics, limitations and applications. Part one covers general issues in magnesium welding and joining, such as welding materials, metallurgy and the joining of magnesium alloys to other metals such as aluminium and steel. The corrosion and protection of magnesium alloy welds are also discussed. In part two particular welding and joining techniques are reviewed, with chapters covering such topics as inert gas welding, metal inert gas welding and laser welding, as well as soldering, mechanical joining and adhesive bonding. The application of newer techniques to magnesium alloys, such as hybrid laser-arc welding, activating flux tungsten inert gas welding and friction stir, is also discussed. With its distinguished editor and expert team of contributors, Welding and joining of magnesium alloys is a comprehensive reference for producers of primary magnesium and those using magnesium alloys in the welding, automotive and other such industries, as well as academic researchers in metallurgy and materials science. Provides a detailed review of both established and new techniques for magnesium alloys welding and their characteristics, limitations and applications Both the weldability of magnesium alloys and weldability to other metals is assessed as well as the preparation required for welding featuring surface treatment Particular welding and joining technologies are explored in detail with particular chapters examining hybrid laser-arc welding, laser welding and resistance spot welding
The Welding of Aluminium and Its Alloys
Author: Gene Mathers
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1855735679
Pages: 236
Year: 2002
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The welding of aluminium and its alloys provides a basic understanding of the metallurgical principles involved in the way that alloys achieve their strength and how welding can affect their properties. The book is aimed at engineers with little or no knowledge of metallurgy and perhaps only the briefest acquaintance with welding processes. It is intended as a practical guide for the shop-floor engineer and covers weldability of aluminium alloys, process description, advantages, limitations, proposed weld parameters, health and safety issues, preparation for welding, quality assurance and quality control issues along with problem solving. The book includes sections on parent metal storage and preparation prior to welding. It describes the more frequently encountered processes and has recommendations on welding parameters that may be used as a starting point for the development of a viable welding procedure. Included are hints and tips on how to avoid some of the pitfalls of welding these sometimes problematic materials. The content is both descriptive and qualitative, and the author has avoided the use of mathematical expressions to describe the effects of welding. This book is essential reading for welding engineers, production engineers, production managers, designers and shop-floor supervisors involved in the aluminium fabrication industry.
Fatigue Analysis of Welded Components
Author: E. Niemi, W Fricke, S J Maddox
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1845696662
Pages: 56
Year: 2006-09-27
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This report provides background and guidance on the use of the structural hot spot stress approach to the fatigue design of welded components and structures. It complements the IIW recommendations for 'Fatigue Design of Welded Joints and Components' and extends the information provided in the IIW recommendations on 'Stress Determination for Fatigue Analysis of Welded Components'. This approach is applicable to cases of potential fatigue cracking from the weld toe. It has been in use for many years in the context of tubular joints. The present report concentrates on its extension to structures fabricated from plates and non-tubular sections. Following an explanation of the structural hot spot stress, its definition and its relevance to fatigue, the authors describe methods for its determination. Stress determination from both finite element analysis and strain gauge measurements is considered. Parametric formulae for calculating stress increases due to misalignment and structural discontinuities are also presented. Special attention is paid to the use of finite element stress analysis and guidance is given on the choice of element type and size for use with either solid or shell elements. Design S-N curves for use with the structural hot spot stress are presented for a range of weld details. Finally, practical application of the recommendations is illustrated in two case studies involving the fatigue assessment of welded structures using the structural hot spot stress approach. Provides practical guidance on the application of the structural hot-spot stress approach Discusses stress determination from both finite element analysis and strain gauge measurements Practical application of the recommendations is illustrated in two case studies

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