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Author: Rémi Brague
Pages: 188
Year: 1992
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L'auteur "met en prise la romanité culturelle (le rapport au grec) et la romanité religieuse (le rapport au juif) et dégage les critères d'un modèle permanent: ce n'est que par le détour de l'antérieur et de l'étranger que l'Européen accède à ce qui lui est propre". [SDM].
Eccentric Culture
Author: Rémi Brague
Publisher: St Augustine PressInc
ISBN: 1587312158
Pages: 205
Year: 2009-07-01
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Western culture, which influenced the whole world, came from Europe. But its roots are not there. They are in Athens and Jerusalem. European culture takes its bearing from references that are not in Europe: Europe is eccentric.What makes the West unique? What is the driving force behind its culture? Remi Brague takes up these questions in Eccentric Culture. This is not another dictionary of European culture, nor a measure of the contributions of a particular individual, religion, or national tradition. The author's interest is especially, with regard to the transmission of that culture, to articulate the dynamic tension that has propelled Europe and more generally the West toward civilization. It is this mainspring of European culture, this founding principle, that Brague calls Roman.Yet the author's intent is not to write a history of Europe, and less yet to defend the historical reality of the Roman Empire. Brague rather isolates and generalizes one aspect of that history or, one might say, cultural myth, of ancient Rome. The Roman attitude senses its own incompleteness and recognizes the call to borrow from what went before it.Historically, it has led the West to borrow from the great traditions of Jerusalem and Athens: primarily the Jewish and Christian tradition, on the one hand, and the classical Greek tradition on the other. Nowhere does the author find this Roman character so strongly present as in the Christian and particularly Catholic attitude toward the incarnation.At once an appreciation of the richness and diversity of the sources and their fruit, Eccentric Culture points as well to the fragility of their nourishing principle. As such, Brague finds in it notonly a means of understanding the past, but of projecting a future in (re)proposing to the West, and to Europe in particular, a model relationship of what is proper to it.An international bestseller (translated from the original French edition of Europe, La Voie Romaine), this work has been or is presently being translated into thirteen languages.
International Law between Universalism and Fragmentation
Author: Isabelle Buffard
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9047440331
Pages: 1134
Year: 2008-12-10
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This Festschrift is published on the occasion of Gerhard Hafner’s 65th birthday and his retirement as a professor at the University of Vienna. It assembles a great number of renowned friends and colleagues in international law honouring Gerhard Hafner’s outstanding career as scholar, diplomat, legal adviser and arbitrator. The diversity of areas selected for this Festschrift reflects the generalist approach of Gerhard Hafner towards international law. Among the topics on which his contribution was particularly influential are the fragmentation of international law, the law of State immunity and international criminal law, which feature prominently in the Festschrift. Other areas covered are the theory of international law (including sources), basic principles of international law, codification of international law, subjects of international law, international dispute settlement, the law of the sea and international environmental law, human rights and humanitarian law and the law of the European Union.
Europe, or The Infinite Task
Author: Rodolphe Gasché
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804770956
Pages: 432
Year: 2008-12-22
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What exactly does "Europe" mean for philosophy today? Putting aside both Eurocentrism and anti-Eurocentrism, Gasché returns to the old name "Europe" to examine it as a concept or idea in the work of four philosophers from the phenomenological tradition: Husserl, Heidegger, Patočka, and Derrida. Beginning with Husserl, the idea of Europe became central to such issues as rationality, universality, openness to the other, and responsibility. Europe, or The Infinite Task tracks the changes these issues have undergone in phenomenology in order to investigate "Europe's" continuing potential for critical and enlightened resistance in a world that is progressively becoming dominated by the mono-perspectivism of global market economics. Rather than giving up on the idea of Europe as an anachronism, Gasché aims to show that it still has philosophical legs.
The Legend of the Middle Ages
Author: Rémi Brague
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226070808
Pages: 287
Year: 2009-04-15
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Modern interpreters have variously cast the Middle Ages as a benighted past from which the West had to evolve and, more recently, as the model for a potential future of intercultural dialogue and tolerance. The Legend of the Middle Ages cuts through such oversimplifications to reconstruct a complicated and philosophically rich period that remains deeply relevant to the contemporary world. Featuring a penetrating interview and sixteen essays only three of which have previously appeared in English this volume explores key intersections of medieval religion and philosophy. With characteristic erudition and insight, Remi Brague focuses less on individual Christian, Jewish, and Muslim thinkers than on their relationships with one another. Their disparate philosophical worlds, Brague shows, were grounded in different models of revelation that engendered divergent interpretations of the ancient Greek sources they held in common. So, despite striking similarities in their solutions for the philosophical problems they all faced, intellectuals in each theological tradition often viewed the others ideas with skepticism, if not disdain.
A New Europe for the Old?
Author: Stephen Richards Graubard
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412816173
Pages: 276
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Since 1989, it has been possible to review what has been published both at home & abroad on the communist states of Central & Eastern Europe &, no less importantly, on the Soviet Union itself, from a new perspective. Few have chosen to engage in this Herculean task, whether out of a residual civility in not wishing to mock certain aging scholarss whose research would appear curiously dated, or out of a sense of fatigue with the whole subject of casting aspersions on mistaken views. A New Europe for the Old? asks whether the master narratives that circulated so widely in the West in the half century since 1945 remain valid. The editor's volume raises pertinent questions regarding the current state of the European world as it has evolved since 1989. He includes contributions from important scholars around the world. A New Europe for the Old? provides greater sympathy for the complexity of societies, & argues for greater tolerance of those that are small, & that do not cast a long shadow in the world today. In the twenty-first as in the twentieth century, they may be engines of change, both as a result of the disorder that they produce as well as the ways in which their values, however seemingly antiquated, survive & prosper, & not only in their native lands. This volume will intrigue historians & European studies scholars alike.
Imagining Europe
Author: Chiara Bottici, Benoît Challand
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107015618
Pages: 205
Year: 2013-07-29
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Chiara Bottici and Benoît Challand explore the formative process of a European identity situated between myth and memory.
Reflections on the Revolution in Europe
Author: Christopher Caldwell
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141912332
Pages: 384
Year: 2009-04-30
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Why has Europe's half-century of mass immigration failed to produce anything resembling the American melting pot? Deadly terrorist attacks and rioting in Muslim neighbourhoods have now forced Europeans, caught up in a demographic revolution they never expected, to question its success and to confront the limits of their long-held liberal values. By overestimating its need for immigrant labour and underestimating the culture-shaping potential of religion, has Europe trapped itself in a problem to which it has no obvious solution? Christopher Caldwell has been reporting on the politics and culture of Islam in Europe for over a decade. In his provocative and unflinching book Reflections on the Revolution in Europe, he reveals the anger of natives and newcomers alike. He describes asylum policies that have served illegal immigrants better than refugees. He exposes the strange interaction of welfare states and Third World traditions, the anti-Americanism that brings natives and newcomers together, and the arguments over women and sex that drive them apart. And he examines the dangerous tendency of politicians to defuse tensions surrounding Islam by curtailing the rights of all. Based on extensive reporting and offering trenchant analysis, Reflections on the Revolution in Europe is destined to become the classic work on how Muslim immigration permanently reshaped the West.
La voie romaine Boulogne-Bavay-Tongres-Cologne : un itinéraire antique à travers l'Europe
Author: Marie-Hélène Corbiau
ISBN: 287522090X
Pages: 144
Year: 2012
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La collection 'Itinéraires du Patrimoine wallon', dont ce volume constitue le septième numéro, propose une série de guides à destination du grand public axés sur la découverte active du Patrimoine de Wallonie. Ces livres, véritables outils pratiques de visite, sont déclinés à travers différentes thématiques, dont cette fois la voie romaine Boulogne-Bavay-Tongres-Cologne. Les Romains se sont dotés d'un impressionnant réseau routier, planifié à l'échelle de leur vaste territoire et remarquablement bien construit. Après la conquête de la Gaule par Jules César, ils ont prolongé les liaisons routières du sud vers le nord. La voie Boulogne-Bavay-Tongres-Cologne est une des grandes artères de l'empire romain.
The Law of God
Author: Rémi Brague
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226070786
Pages: 365
Year: 2007-05-15
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The law of God: these words conjure an image of Moses breaking the tablets at Mount Sinai, but the history of the alliance between law and divinity is so much longer, and its scope so much broader, than a single Judeo-Christian scene can possibly suggest. In his stunningly ambitious new history, Rémi Brague goes back three thousand years to trace this idea of divine law in the West from prehistoric religions to modern times—giving new depth to today’s discussions about the role of God in worldly affairs. Brague masterfully describes the differing conceptions of divine law in Judaic, Islamic, and Christian traditions and illuminates these ideas with a wide range of philosophical, political, and religious sources. In conclusion, he addresses the recent break in the alliance between law and divinity—when modern societies, far from connecting the two, started to think of law simply as the rule human community gives itself. Exploring what this disconnection means for the contemporary world, Brague—powerfully expanding on the project he began with The Wisdom of the World—re-engages readers in a millennia-long intellectual tradition, ultimately arriving at a better comprehension of our own modernity. “Brague’s sense of intellectual adventure is what makes his work genuinely exciting to read. The Law of God offers a challenge that anyone concerned with today’s religious struggles ought to take up.”—Adam Kirsch, New York Sun “Scholars and students of contemporary world events, to the extent that these may be viewed as a clash of rival fundamentalisms, will have much to gain from Brague’s study. Ideally, in that case, the book seems to be both an obvious primer and launching pad for further scholarship.”—Times Higher Education Supplement
Contemporary Arab Thought
Author: Elizabeth Suzanne Kassab
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231516177
Pages: 512
Year: 2009-11-19
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During the second half of the twentieth century, the Arab intellectual and political scene polarized between a search for totalizing doctrines—nationalist, Marxist, and religious—and radical critique. Arab thinkers were reacting to the disenchanting experience of postindependence Arab states, as well as to authoritarianism, intolerance, and failed development. They were also responding to successive defeats by Israel, humiliation, and injustice. The first book to take stock of these critical responses, this volume illuminates the relationship between cultural and political critique in the work of major Arab thinkers, and it connects Arab debates on cultural malaise, identity, and authenticity to the postcolonial issues of Latin America and Africa, revealing the shared struggles of different regions and various Arab concerns.
Le Procès de l'Europe
Author: Jean-François Mattéi
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press
ISBN: 2760319652
Pages: 264
Year: 2011-09-28
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L’Europe se trouve aujourd’hui en position d’accusée, souvent par les Européens eux-mêmes, du fait de sa prétention à l’universalité, de sa supériorité proclamée et de son arrogance intellectuelle. Qu’elle n’ait pas toujours été fidèle à ses principes, lors de la colonisation des autres peuples, ne met pourtant pas en cause sa légitimité. La critique de l’Europe n’est en effet possible qu’à l’aide des normes juridiques et des principes éthiques qu’elle a diffusés auprès de tous les peuples pour connaître le monde plutôt que pour le juger. Levinas n’avait donc pas tort de louer «la générosité même de la pensée occidentale qui, apercevant l’homme abstrait dans les hommes, a proclamé la valeur absolue de la personne et a englobé dans le respect qu’elle lui porte jusqu’aux cultures où ces personnes se tiennent et où elles s’expriment.» Il faut en prendre son parti : il n’y a pas plus d’égalité des cultures que de relativisme des valeurs. On ne saurait faire le procès de l’universel sans faire appel à la culture qui a donné cet universel en partage aux autres cultures.
The Wisdom of the World
Author: Rémi Brague
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226070778
Pages: 297
Year: 2004-11-01
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When the ancient Greeks looked up into the heavens, they saw not just sun and moon, stars and planets, but a complete, coherent universe, a model of the Good that could serve as a guide to a better life. How this view of the world came to be, and how we lost it (or turned away from it) on the way to becoming modern, make for a fascinating story, told in a highly accessible manner by Rémi Brague in this wide-ranging cultural history. Before the Greeks, people thought human action was required to maintain the order of the universe and so conducted rituals and sacrifices to renew and restore it. But beginning with the Hellenic Age, the universe came to be seen as existing quite apart from human action and possessing, therefore, a kind of wisdom that humanity did not. Wearing his remarkable erudition lightly, Brague traces the many ways this universal wisdom has been interpreted over the centuries, from the time of ancient Egypt to the modern era. Socratic and Muslim philosophers, Christian theologians and Jewish Kabbalists all believed that questions about the workings of the world and the meaning of life were closely intertwined and that an understanding of cosmology was crucial to making sense of human ethics. Exploring the fate of this concept in the modern day, Brague shows how modernity stripped the universe of its sacred and philosophical wisdom, transforming it into an ethically indifferent entity that no longer serves as a model for human morality. Encyclopedic and yet intimate, The Wisdom of the World offers the best sort of history: broad, learned, and completely compelling. Brague opens a window onto systems of thought radically different from our own.
The End of Sacrifice
Author: Susan Emanuel, Guy G. Stroumsa
ISBN: 1459627520
Pages: 232
Year: 2011-08-22
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The religious transformations that marked late antiquity represent an enigma that has challenged some of the West's greatest thinkers. But, according to Guy Stroumsa, the oppositions between paganism and Christianity that characterize prevailing theories have endured for too long. Instead of describing this epochal change as an evolution within the Greco - Roman world from polytheism to monotheism, he argues that the cause for this shift can be found not so much around the Mediterranean as in the Near East. The End of Sacrifice points to the role of Judaism, particularly its inventions of new religious life following the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. The end of animal sacrifice gave rise to new forms of worship, with a concern for personal salvation, scriptural study, rituals like praying and fasting, and the rise of religious communities and monasticism. It is what Christianity learned from Judaism about texts, death, and, above all, sacrifice that allowed it to supersede Greco - Roman religions and, Stroumsa argues, transform religion itself. A concise and original approach to a much - studied moment in religious history, The End of Sacrifice will be heralded by all scholars of late antiquity.
Regards sur notre monde
Author: Éric De Rosny, Jean-Luc Marion, Anne-Christine Fournier, Bertrand Vergely, Edgar Morin, Rémi Brague
Publisher: Fleurus
ISBN: 2728917701
Pages: 300
Year: 2012-12-19T00:00:00+01:00
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L'amour est-il pensable ? D'où vient la violence ? Qu'est-ce que la complexité ? Y a-t-il une culture européenne ? Quelle place pour Dieu ? Ce livre d'entretiens offre des clés forgées par cinq des plus grands intellectuels contemporains pour comprendre notre monde. Au fil des entretiens, le lecteur découvrira en des termes simples et lumineux des concepts fondamentaux pour entrer dans une meilleure intelligence de notre condition humaine et dégager librement un chemin de vie et - pourquoi pas ? - de bonheur. Un véritable "manuel de l'honnête homme" du XXIe siècle qui certes alerte sur les menaces qui pèsent sur notre société mais délivre aussi et surtout un formidable message d'espoir pour les temps à venir.