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Indian Troops in Europe 1914-1918
Author: Santanu Das
ISBN: 1935677500
Pages: 160
Year: 2015-03-12
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Europa Schreibt. Was Ist Das Europ„ische an Den Literaturen Europas?.
Author: Ursula Keller, Ilma Raku?a
Publisher: Central European University Press
ISBN: 9639241903
Pages: 363
Year: 2004-01-01
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What do we mean by Europe? Thirty-three renowned authors from 33 European countries attempt an answer -- in serious, ironic, skeptical, or optimistic tones. Their essays, written for the symposium held at the Literaturhaus Hamburg in 2003, reflect the astonishing diversity of European cultures. Not only are the style and experience of the individual authors remarkable for their distinctiveness, but their perspectives and views also appear to have little in common -- at first glance.
Northern Europe and the Future of the EU
Author: Helge Hoibraaten, Jochen Hille
Publisher: BWV Verlag
ISBN: 3830527047
Pages: 233
Year: 2012-01-01
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HauptbeschreibungThe current relationship between the Nordic countries and the European Union appears complex and confusing. Although Denmark, in 1973, and Sweden and Finland, in 1995, joined the European Union, the entry of Norway into the Union was rejected in the plebiscites of 1972 and 1994. Furthermore, Nordic EU members enjoy permanent exceptions to their integration into the EU: Denmark and Sweden, like the U.K., have declined to become part of the monetary union. Finland is essentially the only Nordic country that entered the EU without substantial exceptions. A membership bid from Iceland was unthinkable; after the fi nancial crisis - which is not the topic of this book - Iceland applied for membership in 2010 and has been in discussions with the European Commission ever since. In other words: the European Union divides Nordic societies, which has resulted in a series of national exceptions to the integration process. Taken together, these exceptions have created an integration process whose overall geometry is contradictory and paradoxical. Considering this melange, this book will discuss the actual state of Nordic integration into the EU from many different perspectives and illuminate future developments in the fi eld of integration. Where is the North relative to Europe today? How can the geometry of Northern Europe's integration, developed over a long time, be characterised? What are the challenges that threaten further development of Nordic-European relationships?
Populist Parties in Europe
Author: Stijn van Kessel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137414111
Pages: 239
Year: 2015-02-17
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Populism is a concept that is currently in vogue among political commentators and, more often than not, used pejoratively. The phenomenon of populism is typically seen as something adverse and, in the European context routinely related to xenophobic politics. What populism exactly is and who its main representatives are, however, often remains unclear. This text has two main aims: to identify populist parties in 21st century Europe and to explain their electoral performance. It argues that populist parties should not be dismissed as dangerous pariahs out of hand but rather that their rise tells us something about the state of representative democracy. The study has a broad scope, including populist parties of various ideological kinds – thus moving beyond examples of the ‘right’ – and covering long-established Western European countries as well as post-communist countries in Central and Eastern Europe. It presents the results of an innovative mixed-methods research project, combining a fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) of populist parties in 31 European countries with three in-depth case studies of the Netherlands, Poland and the United Kingdom.
A Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base for Europe – Eine einheitliche Körperschaftsteuerbemessungsgrundlage für Europa
Author: Wolfgang Schön, Ulrich Schreiber, Christoph Spengel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540794840
Pages: 184
Year: 2008-04-24
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Preface This book contains the proceedings of the International Tax Conference on the c- th th mon consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB) that was held in Berlin on 15 – 16 may 2007. The conference was jointly organised by the German Federal Ministry of Finance, the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), Mannheim, and the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, Munich. More than 250 participants from all over Europe and other regions, scholars, politicians, business people and tax administrators, discussed the Eu- pean Commission’s proposal to establish a CCCTB. Three panels of tax experts evaluated the common tax base with respect to structural elements, consolidation, allocation, international aspects and administration. The conference made clear that the CCCTB has the potential to overcome some of the most intriguing problems of corporate income taxation within the Common Market. Common tax accounting rules substantially reduce compliance and administrative costs. Consolidation of a group’s profits and losses effects cro- border loss compensation which removes a major tax obstacle for European cro- border investment. At the same time, tax planning with respect to financing and transfer pricing is pushed back within the European Union. Moreover, as far as the CCCTB applies, member states are able to remove tax provisions that are targeted at cross border tax evasion and that might be challenged by the jurisdiction of the Eu- pean Court of Justice.
Muslim Political Participation in Europe
Author: Jorgen S Nielsen
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748677534
Pages: 360
Year: 2013-02-20
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Analyses European Muslim communities' developing involvement in their political environment and related Muslim and public debates.
The German Language in a Changing Europe
Author: Michael G. Clyne
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521499704
Pages: 269
Year: 1995-11-16
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This revised and expanded analysis of the German language takes account of recent sociopolitical changes.
National, regional and minority languages in Europe
Author: Gerhard Stickel
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 3631603657
Pages: 191
Year: 2010
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The European linguistic diversity goes far beyond the official national languages of the present 27 member states of the European Union. In every country several languages of smaller or larger groups of speakers are used besides the official language or the languages of the majority population. These languages are autochthonous languages that have been used for a long time in the individual country as well as allochthonous languages of different groups of migrants and their descendants. The sometimes complicated relations between national, regional and minority languages within various countries are discussed in this volume. Besides reports on several countries, the general sociolinguistic and legal conditions are dealt with in overview contributions. In addition, the "Dublin Declaration on the relationship between official languages and regional and minority languages in Europe" is presented in 24 languages.
Author: Brendan Simms
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465065953
Pages: 720
Year: 2013-04-30
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In this authoritative account of the past half millennium of European history, prizewinning historian Simms shows how the battle for mastery over the heart of the European continent has long shaped global affairs.
Historia das Relacoes Internacionais Contemporaneas, Jose Flavio Sombia Saraiva, 2nd Ed, 2003
Author: Instituto Brasileiro de Relacoes Internacionais
Publisher: Bukupedia
Pages: 372
Year: 2003-06-23
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Historia das Relacoes Internacionais Contemporaneas, Jose Flavio Sombia Saraiva, 2nd Ed, 2003 Instituto Brasileiro de Relacoes Internacionais - Political Science / International Relations / General
Women Writers of Great Britain and Europe
Author: Katharina M. Wilson, Paul Schlueter, June Schlueter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135616701
Pages: 584
Year: 2013-12-16
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First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
PARLE '89 - Parallel Architectures and Languages Europe
Author: Eddy Odijk, Martin Rem, Jean-Claude Syre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540512845
Pages: 478
Year: 1989-06-05
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Proceedings -- Parallel Computing.
Blackness in Western Europe
Author: Dienke Hondius
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412854180
Pages: 362
Year: 2014-07-23
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While the study of race relations in the United States continues to inspire and influence European thinking, Europeans have yet to confront their own history. To be black in Europe—whether during the sixteenth century or today—means sharing one crucial experience: being part of a small, but visible minority. European slave-owners, company directors, and investors in the distant past maintained an ocean-wide gap between themselves and the enslaved in the plantation colonies of the Caribbean. In the following centuries, this distance persisted. Even today, to be black in Europe often means to be one of a few black persons in a group. A racial pattern of exclusion has characterized European policy for more than four centuries. Dienke Hondius identifies ideas and attitudes toward "blackness," the concept of race as visible difference, developed in western Europe. She argues that racial discourses are generally dominated by paternalism—a concept usually used to explain power structures that is often applied to the nineteenth century. Hondius identifies five patterns of paternalism that influenced Europe much earlier and iniated trends of imagery and perception. Taking a chronological and thematic approach, Hondius first focuses on southern European societies in the Early Modern period and moves to northwest European societies in the Modern period. Addressing religion, law, and science, she concludes with a synthesis of developments from the twentieth century to the present.
Glimpses of Sociology in Eastern Europe
Author: Jiri Thomas Kolaja, Man Singh Das
Publisher: M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8185453039
Pages: 330
Year: 1990
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Regulating Cartels in Europe
Author: Christopher Harding, Julian Joshua
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199242445
Pages: 301
Year: 2003
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One of the most contentious and high-profile aspects of European Community competition law and policy has been the regulation of what may be described as serious antitrust violations, typically involving large and powerful corporate producers and traders operating across Europe, if not also in a wider international context. Such 'hard core' cartels characteristically engage in practices such as price fixing, bid rigging, market sharing and limiting production in order to ensure 'marketstability' and maintain and increase profits. There is little doubt now in terms of competition theory and policy at both international and national levels about the damaging effect of such trading practices on public and consumer interests, and such cartels have been increasingly strongly condemned in the legal process of regulating and protecting competition. Indeed, a number of legal systems are now following the American lead in criminalizing such activity. This may therefore be seen as the 'hard end' of the enforcement of competition policy, requiring more confrontational and aggressive methods of regulation, yet also presenting considerable challenges to effective enforcement on account of the economic power, sophistication and determination of the typical participants in such cartels. The focus of this study is a critical evaluation of the way in which European-level regulation has evolved to deal with the problem of anti-competitive cartels. It traces the historical development of cartel regulation in Europe, comparing the pragmatic and empirical approach traditional in Europe with the more dogmatic and uncompromising American policy on cartels and asks whether a fully-fledged criminal proceeding (with its attendant level of legal safeguards) is the most appropriate approach to legal regulation .