Biogeografia Da America Do Sul Analise De Tempo Espaco E Forma Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

BIOGEOGRAFIA DA AMERICA DO SUL - ANALISE DE
Author: CLAUDIO J B DE CARVALHO, EDUARDO A B ALMEIDA
Publisher:
ISBN: 8527727862
Pages: 324
Year:
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A Biogeografia tornou-se nos últimos anos uma das disciplinas mais ativas da Biologia, ocupando um lugar central dela. Sua interação com outras áreas dessa ciência, como sistemática, ecologia, paleontologia, biologia molecular e biologia evolutiva, tem aumentado exponencialmente, tornando-se frequentes parceiros. Do mesmo modo, climatologia, geologia e estatística dialogam frequentemente com a biogeografia. Ademais, as novas tecnologias de imagens de satélite, os sistemas de informação geográfica e as modernas bases de dados também fazem parte importante do atual entendimento da disciplina. Tudo isso transformou a Biogeografia, tornando-a atraente não só pelas ferramentas à disposição do biogeógrafo, mas também pelos enormes avanços conceituais que ocorreram nos últimos anos. Por outro lado, a América do Sul sempre cativou as mentes dos biogeógrafos. Claudio J. B. de Carvalho e Eduardo A. B. Almeida projetaram este trabalho em excelente forma. Eles escolheram os temas mais relevantes e convidaram brilhantes biogeógrafos para desenvolvê-los. A combinação de tópicos e autores neste livro é simplesmente perfeita e um marco histórico na biogeografia moderna. Editores e autores comprometeram-se com a difícil e benemérita tarefa de repensar os temas fundamentais, tanto teóricos quanto empíricos, da biogeografia moderna com foco na América do Sul.
Field Guide to the Fishes of the Amazon, Orinoco, and Guianas
Author: Peter van der Sleen, James S. Albert
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400888808
Pages: 464
Year: 2017-12-11
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The Amazon and Orinoco basins in northern South America are home to the highest concentration of freshwater fish species on earth, with more than 3,000 species allotted to 564 genera. Amazonian fishes include piranhas, electric eels, freshwater stingrays, a myriad of beautiful small-bodied tetras and catfishes, and the largest scaled freshwater fish in the world, the pirarucu. Field Guide to the Fishes of the Amazon, Orinoco, and Guianas provides descriptions and identification keys for all the known genera of fishes that inhabit Greater Amazonia, a vast and still mostly remote region of tropical rainforests, seasonally flooded savannas, and meandering lowland rivers. The guide’s contributors include more than fifty expert scientists. They summarize the current state of knowledge on the taxonomy, species richness, and ecology of these fish groups, and provide references to relevant literature for species-level identifications. This richly illustrated guide contains 700 detailed drawings, 190 color photos, and 500 distribution maps, which cover all genera. An extensive and illustrated glossary helps readers with the identification keys. The first complete overview of the fish diversity in the Amazon, Orinoco, and Guianas, this comprehensive guide is essential for anyone interested in the freshwater life inhabiting this part of the world. First complete overview of the fish diversity in the Amazon and Orinoco basins Contributors include more than fifty experts Identification keys and distribution maps for all genera 190 stunning color photos 700 detailed line drawings Extensive and illustrated glossary
Plant Geography of Chile
Author: Andres Moreira-Munoz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048187486
Pages: 346
Year: 2011-01-19
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The first and so far only Plant Geography of Chile was written about 100 years ago, since when many things have changed: plants have been renamed and reclassified; taxonomy and systematics have experienced deep changes as have biology, geography, and biogeography. The time is therefore ripe for a new look at Chile’s plants and their distribution. Focusing on three key issues – botany/systematics, geography and biogeographical analysis – this book presents a thoroughly updated synthesis both of Chilean plant geography and of the different approaches to studying it. Because of its range – from the neotropics to the temperate sub-Antarctic – Chile’s flora provides a critical insight into evolutionary patterns, particularly in relation to the distribution along the latitudinal profiles and the global geographical relationships of the country’s genera. The consequences of these relations for the evolution of the Chilean Flora are discussed. This book will provide a valuable resource for both graduate students and researchers in botany, plant taxonomy and systematics, biogeography, evolutionary biology and plant conservation.
Biogeography and Ecology in South-America
Author: E.J. Fittkau
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9061930715
Pages: 497
Year: 1969-06-30
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Historical Biogeography
Author: Jorge CRISCI, Liliana Katinas, Paula Posadas, Jorge Víctor Crisci
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674030044
Pages: 264
Year: 2009-06-30
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Though biogeography may be simply defined--the study of the geographic distributions of organisms--the subject itself is extraordinarily complex, involving a range of scientific disciplines and a bewildering diversity of approaches. For convenience, biogeographers have recognized two research traditions: ecological biogeography and historical biogeography. This book makes sense of the profound revolution that historical biogeography has undergone in the last two decades, and of the resulting confusion over its foundations, basic concepts, methods, and relationships to other disciplines of comparative biology. Using case studies, the authors explain and illustrate the fundamentals and the most frequently used methods of this discipline. They show the reader how to tell when a historical biogeographic approach is called for, how to decide what kind of data to collect, how to choose the best method for the problem at hand, how to perform the necessary calculations, how to choose and apply a computer program, and how to interpret results.
Biogeografia: dinâmicas e transformações da natureza
Author: Adriano Figueiró
Publisher: Oficina de Textos
ISBN: 8579752035
Pages:
Year: 2015-08-11
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Uma das áreas de conhecimento mais fascinantes, Biogeografia trata da relação entre seres vivos, sociedade e os diferentes elementos das paisagens, suas dinâmicas e transformações ao longo do tempo. A sólida base teórica e metodológica aliada a vívidas ilustrações, fotografias e gráficos explicativos absorverão o leitor. O livro aborda numa linguagem didática os conceitos de distribuição de espécies, extinção e conservação da biodiversidade, dinâmica das populações, Biogeografia Cultural e biomas da superfície terrestre. A obra apresenta a aplicação desses conceitos por meio de diversos exemplos, do Brasil e do mundo, além de quadros com relatos sobre a relação da fauna com o acidente radioativo de Chernobyl, a ameaça à biodiversidade em Madagascar ou o impacto ecológico das estradas, entre outros importantes e dramáticos exemplos. Com essa abordagem, Biogeografia preenche uma importante lacuna na bibliografia nacional, avançando alguns passos na construção de uma Biogeografia Brasileira. Serve como referência para estudantes e profissionais de Geografia, Biologia, Agronomia e Ecologia e abre os horizontes ao público amplo. Adriano Figueiró graduou-se em Geografia pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM) e obteve Mestrado em Utilização e Conservação de Recursos Naturais pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Doutorado em Planejamento Ambiental pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro e Pós-Doutorado em Geoconservação pela Universidade do Minho, Portugal. Atualmente é professor Associado da UFSM, onde orienta alunos de graduação e pós-graduação dentro do Grupo de Pesquisa em Patrimônio Natural, Geoconservação e Gestão da Água (Pangea), e coordena o Laboratório de Geoecologia e Educação Ambiental (Laged).
Phylogenetic Systematics
Author: Willi Hennig, Delbert Dwight Davis, Rainer Zangerl
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252068149
Pages: 263
Year: 1999-01-01
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Argues for the primacy of the phylogenetic system as the general reference system in biology. This book, first published in 1966, generated significant controversy and opened possibilities for evolutionary biology.
Cladistic Biogeography
Author: Christopher J. Humphries, Lynne R. Parenti
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191588628
Pages: 199
Year: 1999-04-15
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The distribution and classification of life on earth has long been of interest to biological theorists, as well as to travellers and explorers. Cladistic biogeography is the study of the historical and evolutionary relationships between species, based on their particular distribution patterns across the earth. Analysis of the distributions of species in different areas of the world can tell us how those species and areas are related, what regions or larger groups of areas exist, and what their origins might be. The first edition of Cladistic Biogeography was published in 1986. It was a concise exposition of the history, methods, applications of, and prospects for cladistic biogeography. Well reviewed, and widely used in teaching, Cladistic Biogeography is still in demand, despite having been out of print for some time. This new edition draws on a wide range of examples, both plant and animal, from marine, terrestrial, and freshwater habitats. It has been updated throughout, with the chapters being rewritten and expanded to incorporate the latest research findings and theoretical and methodological advances in this dynamic field.
The Cerrados of Brazil
Author: Paulo S.
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231505965
Pages: 424
Year: 2013-02-05
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The massive grasslands of Brazil -- known as the cerrados -- which cover roughly a quarter of its land surface and are among the most threatened regions in South America, have received little media attention. This book brings together leading researchers on the area to produce the first detailed account in English of the natural history and ecology of the cerrado/savanna ecosystem. Given their extent and threatened status, the richness of their flora and fauna, and the lack of familiarity with their unique ecology at the international level, the cerrados are badly in need of this important and timely work.
Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity
Author: Carina Hoorn, Allison Perrigo, Alexandre Antonelli
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111915989X
Pages: 544
Year: 2018-02-22
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Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity: A comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis for students and researchers Mountains are topographically complex formations that play a fundamental role in regional and continental-scale climates. They are also cradles to all major river systems and home to unique, and often highly biodiverse and threatened, ecosystems. But how do all these processes tie together to form the patterns of diversity we see today? Written by leading researchers in the fields of geology, biology, climate, and geography, this book explores the relationship between mountain building and climate change, and how these processes shape biodiversity through time and space. In the first two sections, you will learn about the processes, theory, and methods connecting mountain building and biodiversity In the third section, you will read compelling examples from around the world exploring the links between mountains, climate and biodiversity Throughout the 31 peer-reviewed chapters, a non-technical style and synthetic illustrations make this book accessible to a wide audience A comprehensive glossary summarises the main concepts and terminology Readership: Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity is intended for students and researchers in geosciences, biology and geography. It is specifically compiled for those who are interested in historical biogeography, biodiversity and conservation.
Evolutionary Biogeography
Author: Juan J. Morrone
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231143788
Pages: 301
Year: 2009
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"Rather than favoring only one approach, Juan J. Morrone proposes a comprehensive treatment of the developments and theories of evolutionary biogeography. Evolutionary biogeography uses distributional, phylogenetic, molecular, and fossil data to assess the historical changes that have produced current biotic patterns. Panbiogeography, parsimony analysis of endemicity, cladistic biogeography, and phylogeography are the four recent and most common approaches. Many conceive of these methods as representing different "schools," but Morrone shows how each addresses different questions in the various steps of an evolutionary biogeographical analysis. Panbiogeography and parsimony analysis of endemicity are useful for identifying biotic components or areas of endemism. Cladistic biogeography uses phylogenetic data to determine the relationships between these biotic components. Further information on fossils, phylogeographic patterns, and molecular clocks can be incorporated to identify different cenocrons. Finally, available geological knowledge can help construct a geobiotic scenario that may explain how analyzed areas were put into contact and how the biotic components and cenocrons inhabiting them evolved. Morrone compares these methods and employs case studies to make it clear which is best for the question at hand. Set problems, discussion sections, and glossaries further enhance classroom use."--Publisher's description.
Tectonic Evolution of South America
Author: Umberto G. Cordani
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 854
Year: 2000
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Muscidae (Insecta: Diptera) of Latin America and the Caribbean
Author: Peter Löwenberg-Neto, Claudio José Barros de Carvalho
Publisher:
ISBN: 1775571564
Pages: 147
Year: 2013
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Biogeography
Author: C. Barry Cox, Peter D. Moore, Richard Ladle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118968603
Pages: 500
Year: 2016-03-22
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Through eight successful editions, and over nearly 40 years, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach has provided a thorough and comprehensive exploration of the varied scientific disciplines and research that are essential to understanding the subject. The text has been praised for its solid background in historical biogeography and basic biology, that is enhanced and illuminated by discussions of current research. This new edition incorporates the exciting changes of the recent years, and presents a thoughtful exploration of the research and controversies that have transformed our understanding of the biogeography of the world. It also clearly identifies the three quite different arenas of biogeographical research: continental biogeography, island biogeography and marine biogeography. It is the only current textbook with full coverage of marine biogeography. It reveals how the patterns of life that we see today have been created by the two great Engines of the Planet - the Geological Engine, plate tectonics, which alters the conditions of life on the planet, and the Biological Engine, evolution, which responds to these changes by creating new forms and patterns of life.
The Atlantic Forest of South America
Author: Carlos Galindo Leal, Ibsen de Gusmão Câmara
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 155963989X
Pages: 488
Year: 2003
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The Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina is one of the most devastated and most highly threatened ecosystem on the planet; less than eight percent of the original forest remains and is facing intense population pressures from all sides.The Atlantic Forest of South America presents a detailed assessment of the state of biodiversity in the Atlantic Forest. Separate sections examine each of the three countries that are home to the forest, beginning with a brief overview that explores the dynamics of biodiversity loss in that country and outlines the topics to be addressed. Following the overview are individual chapters that analyze:"

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