A Quoi Revent Les Algorithmes Nos Vies A Lheure Des Big Data Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

A quoi rêvent les algorithmes. Nos vies à l'heure
Author: Dominique Cardon
Publisher: Le Seuil
ISBN: 2021279987
Pages: 110
Year: 2015-10-01T00:00:00+02:00
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Google, Facebook, Amazon, mais aussi les banques et les assureurs : la constitution d'énormes bases de données (les " big data ") confère une place de plus en plus centrale aux algorithmes. L'ambition de ce livre est de montrer comment ces nouvelles techniques de calcul bouleversent notre société. À travers le classement de l'information, la personnalisation publicitaire, la recommandation de produits, le ciblage des comportements ou l'orientation des déplacements, les méga-calculateurs sont en train de s'immiscer, de plus en plus intimement, dans la vie des individus. Or, loin d'être de simples outils techniques, les algorithmes véhiculent un projet politique. Comprendre leur logique, les valeurs et le type de société qu'ils promeuvent, c'est donner aux internautes les moyens de reprendre du pouvoir dans la société des calculs. Dominique Cardon est sociologue au Laboratoire des usages d'Orange Labs et professeur associé à l'université de Marne-la-Vallée (LATTS). Avec La Démocratie Internet (Seuil, 2010) et de nombreux articles, il s'est imposé comme l'un des meilleurs spécialistes du numérique et d'Internet.
A quoi rêvent les algorithmes
Author: Dominique Cardon
ISBN: 2021279960
Pages: 105
Year: 2015-10-01
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Parmi les espoirs et les craintes que suscite la numérisation de nos sociétés, la constitution de grandes bases de données confère une place de plus en plus centrale aux algorithmes qui gouvernent les comportements de chacun. L'ambition de ce livre est de proposer une exploration critique de la manière dont les techniques de calcul façonnent nos sociétés. Classement de l'information, personnalisation publicitaire, recommandation de produits, orientation des déplacements, mesures corporelles, etc., les calculateurs sont en train de s'immiscer, de plus en plus profondément, dans la vie des individus. Cet ouvrage voudrait montrer comment les techniques statistiques qui prennent leur essor avec les big data enferment des conceptions différentes de la société qu'elles calculent. Loin d'être de simples outils techniques, les algorithmes enferment un projet politique. La thèse défendue dans cet ouvrage est que la personnalisation des calculs est à la fois l'agent et la conséquence de l'individualisation de nos sociétés. Elle témoigne de la crise des catégories statistiques traditionnelles qui permettaient à la société de se représenter. Elle encourage le déploiement de la course méritocratique vers l'excellence, la compétition des individus pour la visibilité et le guidage personnalisé des existences. Comprendre la logique des nouveaux algorithmes du web, c'est aussi donner aux lecteurs les moyens de reprendre du pouvoir dans la société des calculs.
Weapons of Math Destruction
Author: Cathy O'Neil
Publisher: Crown Books
ISBN: 0553418815
Pages: 259
Year: 2016
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"A former Wall Street quantitative analyst sounds an alarm on mathematical modeling, a pervasive new force in society that threatens to undermine democracy and widen inequality, "--NoveList.
Big Data
Author: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger, Kenneth Cukier
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0544002938
Pages: 240
Year: 2013-03-05
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A revelatory exploration of the hottest trend in technology and the dramatic impact it will have on the economy, science, and society at large. Which paint color is most likely to tell you that a used car is in good shape? How can officials identify the most dangerous New York City manholes before they explode? And how did Google searches predict the spread of the H1N1 flu outbreak? The key to answering these questions, and many more, is big data. “Big data” refers to our burgeoning ability to crunch vast collections of information, analyze it instantly, and draw sometimes profoundly surprising conclusions from it. This emerging science can translate myriad phenomena—from the price of airline tickets to the text of millions of books—into searchable form, and uses our increasing computing power to unearth epiphanies that we never could have seen before. A revolution on par with the Internet or perhaps even the printing press, big data will change the way we think about business, health, politics, education, and innovation in the years to come. It also poses fresh threats, from the inevitable end of privacy as we know it to the prospect of being penalized for things we haven’t even done yet, based on big data’s ability to predict our future behavior. In this brilliantly clear, often surprising work, two leading experts explain what big data is, how it will change our lives, and what we can do to protect ourselves from its hazards. Big Data is the first big book about the next big thing. www.big-data-book.com
Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia
Author: Anthony M. Townsend
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 039324153X
Pages: 400
Year: 2013-10-07
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An unflinching look at the aspiring city-builders of our smart, mobile, connected future. We live in a world defined by urbanization and digital ubiquity, where mobile broadband connections outnumber fixed ones, machines dominate a new "internet of things," and more people live in cities than in the countryside. In Smart Cities, urbanist and technology expert Anthony Townsend takes a broad historical look at the forces that have shaped the planning and design of cities and information technologies from the rise of the great industrial cities of the nineteenth century to the present. A century ago, the telegraph and the mechanical tabulator were used to tame cities of millions. Today, cellular networks and cloud computing tie together the complex choreography of mega-regions of tens of millions of people. In response, cities worldwide are deploying technology to address both the timeless challenges of government and the mounting problems posed by human settlements of previously unimaginable size and complexity. In Chicago, GPS sensors on snow plows feed a real-time "plow tracker" map that everyone can access. In Zaragoza, Spain, a "citizen card" can get you on the free city-wide Wi-Fi network, unlock a bike share, check a book out of the library, and pay for your bus ride home. In New York, a guerrilla group of citizen-scientists installed sensors in local sewers to alert you when stormwater runoff overwhelms the system, dumping waste into local waterways. As technology barons, entrepreneurs, mayors, and an emerging vanguard of civic hackers are trying to shape this new frontier, Smart Cities considers the motivations, aspirations, and shortcomings of them all while offering a new civics to guide our efforts as we build the future together, one click at a time.
The Philosopher
Author: Justin E. H. Smith
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400880572
Pages: 288
Year: 2016-05-03
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What would the global history of philosophy look like if it were told not as a story of ideas but as a series of job descriptions—ones that might have been used to fill the position of philosopher at different times and places over the past 2,500 years? The Philosopher does just that, providing a new way of looking at the history of philosophy by bringing to life six kinds of figures who have occupied the role of philosopher in a wide range of societies around the world over the millennia—the Natural Philosopher, the Sage, the Gadfly, the Ascetic, the Mandarin, and the Courtier. The result is at once an unconventional introduction to the global history of philosophy and an original exploration of what philosophy has been—and perhaps could be again. By uncovering forgotten or neglected philosophical job descriptions, the book reveals that philosophy is a universal activity, much broader—and more gender inclusive—than we normally think today. In doing so, The Philosopher challenges us to reconsider our idea of what philosophers can do and what counts as philosophy.
Normative Experience in Internet Politics
Author: Laurence Monnoyer-Smith
Publisher: Presses des Mines via OpenEdition
ISBN: 2356710876
Pages: 265
Year: 2013-04-16
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The ways in which the Internet is managed and controlled -often labeled as Internet Governance- are usually considered as standing on four main pillars: Technology, Market Laws, State Regulation and Uses. Nevertheless, its specific features, the consequences of the plurality of norms it involves and of the decision-making processes it entails are rarely addressed in a comprehensive analysis. This book explores the Internet’s functioning both as a practical-intellectual experience and a political challenge. By means of several case studies, it proposes a substantial and reflexive treatment of multileveled, formal or informal Internet Politics. The book’s overall endeavor is to outline an understanding of what is -or may be- a “digital common good”. The authors are members of a European academic team gathered by the Vox Internet research program’s meetings. They adopt a multi-disciplinary approach, embedding technological innovation in the field of social sciences (communication studies, sociology, law, political science and philosophy).
The Uncertain Digital Revolution
Author: André Vitalis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119341302
Pages: 138
Year: 2016-09-16
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Digital information and communication technologies can be seen as a threat to privacy, a step forward for freedom of expression and communication, a tool in the fight against terrorism or the source of a new economic wealth. Computerization has unexpectedly progressed beyond our imagination, from a tool of management and control into one of widespread communication and expression. This book revisits the major questions that have emerged with the progress of computerization over nearly half a century, by describing the context in which these issues were formulated. By taking a social and digital approach, the author explores controversial issues surrounding the development of this "digital revolution", including freedom and privacy of the individual, social control, surveillance, public security and the economic exploitation of personal data. From students, teachers and researchers engaged in data analysis, to institutional decision-makers and actors in policy or business, all members of today's digital society will take from this book a better understanding of the essential issues of the current "digital revolution".
New Challenges for Knowledge
Author: Renaud Fabre
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119378109
Pages: 224
Year: 2016-11-23
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Digital technologies are reshaping every field of social and economic lives, so do they in the world of scientific knowledge. “The New Challenges of Knowledge” aims at understanding how the new digital technologies alter the production, diffusion and valorization of knowledge. We propose to give an insight into the economical, geopolitical and political stakes of numeric in knowledge in different countries. Law is at the center of this evolution, especially in the case of national and international confusion about Internet, Science and knowledge.
The Existentialist Moment
Author: Patrick Baert
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745685439
Pages: 240
Year: 2015-08-20
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Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 2015 Jean-Paul Sartre is often seen as the quintessential public intellectual, but this was not always the case. Until the mid-1940s he was not so well-known, even in France. Then suddenly, in a very short period of time, Sartre became an intellectual celebrity. How can we explain this remarkable transformation? The Existentialist Moment retraces Sartre?s career and provides a compelling new explanation of his meteoric rise to fame. Baert takes the reader back to the confusing and traumatic period of the Second World War and its immediate aftermath and shows how the unique political and intellectual landscape in France at this time helped to propel Sartre and existentialist philosophy to the fore. The book also explores why, from the early 1960s onwards, in France and elsewhere, the interest in Sartre and existentialism eventually waned. The Existentialist Moment ends with a bold new theory for the study of intellectuals and a provocative challenge to the widespread belief that the public intellectual is a species now on the brink of extinction.
To Save Everything, Click Here
Author: Evgeny Morozov
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241957699
Pages: 432
Year: 2013-03-21
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To Save Everything, Click Here, the new book by the acclaimed author of The Net Delusion, Evgeny Morozov, is a penetrating look at the shape of society in the digital age, of the direction in which the 21st Century may take us, and of the alternate paths we can still choose Our society is at a crossroads. Smart technology is transforming our world, making many aspects of our lives more convenient, efficient and - in some cases - fun. Better and cheaper sensors can now be embedded in almost everything, and technologies can log the products we buy and the way we use them. But, argues Evgeny Morozov, technology is having a more profound effect on us: it is changing the way we understand human society. In the very near future, technological systems will allow us to make large-scale and sophisticated interventions into many more areas of public life. These are the discourses by which we have always defined our civilisation: politics, culture, public debate, morality, humanism. But how will these discourses be affected when we delegate much of the responsibility for them to technology? The temptation of the digital age is to fix everything - from crime to corruption to pollution to obesity - by digitally quantifying, tracking, or gamifiying behaviour. Yet when we change the motivations for our moral, ethical and civic behaviour, do we also change the very nature of that behaviour? Technology, Morozov proposes, can be a force for improvement - but only if we abandon the idea that it is necessarily revolutionary and instead genuinely interrogate why and how we are using it. From urging us to drop outdated ideas of the internet to showing how to design more humane and democratic technological solutions, To Save Everything, Click Here is about why we should always question the way we use technology. 'A devastating exposé of cyber-utopianism by the world's most far-seeing Internet guru' John Gray, author of Straw Dogs 'Evgeny Morozov is the most challenging - and best-informed - critic of the Techno-Utopianism surrounding the Internet. If you've ever had the niggling feeling, as you spoon down your google, that there's no such thing as a free lunch, Morozov's book will tell you how you might end up paying for it' Brian Eno 'This hard-hitting book argues people have become enslaved to the machines they use to communicate. It is incisive and beautifully written; whether you agree with Morozov or not, he will make you think hard' Richard Sennett, author of Together Praise for The Net Delusion: 'Gleefully iconoclastic . . . not just unfailingly readable: it is also a provocative, enlightening and welcome riposte to the cyberutopian worldview' Economist 'A passionate and heavily researched account of the case against the cyberutopians . . . only by becoming "cyberrealists" can we hope to make humane and effective policy' Bryan Appleyard, New Statesman 'Piercing . . . convincing . . . timely' Financial Times Evgeny Morozov is the author of The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom (which was the winner of the 2012 Goldsmith Book Prize) and a contributing editor for The New Republic. Previously, he was a visiting scholar at Stanford University, a Scwhartz fellow at the New America Foundation, a Yahoo fellow at the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy at Georgetown, and a fellow at the Open Society Foundations. His monthly column on technology comes out in Slate, Corriere della Sera, El Pais, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung and several other newspapers. He's also written for the New York Times, The Economist, the Wall Street Journal, the Financial Times and the London Review of Books.
The Art of Revolt
Author: Geoffroy de Lagasnerie
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 1503603245
Pages: 128
Year: 2017-09-26
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Edward Snowden, Julian Assange, and Chelsea Manning are key figures in the struggles playing out in our democracies over internet use, state secrets, and mass surveillance in the age of terror. When not decried as traitors, they are seen as whistleblowers whose crucial revelations are meant to denounce a problem or correct an injustice. Yet, for Geoffroy de Lagasnerie, they are much more than that. Snowden, Assange, and Manning are exemplars who have reinvented an art of revolt. Consciously or not, they have inaugurated a new form of political action and a new identity for the political subject. Anonymity as practiced by WikiLeaks and the flight and requests for asylum of Snowden and Assange break with traditional forms of democratic protest. Yet we can hardly dismiss them as acts of cowardice. Rather, as Lagasnerie suggests, such solitary choices challenge us to question classic modes of collective action, calling old conceptions of the state and citizenship into question and inviting us to reformulate the language of critical philosophy. In the process, he pays homage to the actions and lives of these three figures.
Can The Market Speak?
Author: Campbell Jones
Publisher: John Hunt Publishing
ISBN: 1782790853
Pages: 81
Year: 2013-04-26
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It is said the market has moods and desires. It is said that we must listen to it and must anticipate how it will respond to our actions. What is the significance of these peculiar forms of speech? This book investigates the conceptual underpinnings of the idea that the market has intentions, consciousness and speech, and identifies the social and political consequences of this attribution to the market of capacities generally thought to be uniquely human. At once a work of philosophy, a cultural and social archaeology and a diagnosis of one of the central ideologies of our times, this book cuts to the heart of the linguistic forms through which our collective futures are decided.
Extreme Financial Risks and Asset Allocation
Author: Olivier Le Courtois, Christian Walter
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783263105
Pages: 372
Year: 2014-01-21
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Each financial crisis calls for — by its novelty and the mechanisms it shares with preceding crises — appropriate means to analyze financial risks. In Extreme Financial Risks and Asset Allocation, the authors present in an accessible and timely manner the concepts, methods, and techniques that are essential for an understanding of these risks in an environment where asset prices are subject to sudden, rough, and unpredictable changes. These phenomena, mathematically known as “jumps”, play an important role in practice. Their quantitative treatment is generally tricky and is sparsely tackled in similar books. One of the main appeals of this book lies in its approachable and concise presentation of the ad hoc mathematical tools without sacrificing the necessary rigor and precision. This book contains theories and methods which are usually found in highly technical mathematics books or in scattered, often very recent, research articles. It is a remarkable pedagogical work that makes these difficult results accessible to a large readership. Researchers, Masters and PhD students, and financial engineers alike will find this book highly useful. Contents:IntroductionMarket FrameworkStatistical Description of MarketsLévy ProcessesStable Distributions and ProcessesLaplace Distributions and ProcessesThe Time Change FrameworkTail DistributionsRisk BudgetsThe Psychology of RiskMonoperiodic Portfolio ChoiceDynamic Portfolio ChoiceConclusion Readership: Researchers, graduate students and financial engineers in the field of mathematical and quantitative finance. Key Features:This book offers an excellent synthesis of the academic literature in a clear, ordered, and intuitive wayThe continuous-time theory of the choice of portfolio is exposed with particular care when asset dynamics are modeled with processes admitting a jump component. This is a technically difficult topic that is tackled here with a lot of clarityThe collated works in this book facilitates access to the most recent techniques, making it user-friendly for readersKeywords:Lévy Process;Extreme Risks;Risk Management;Portfolio Management;Asset AllocationReviews: “A pedagogical work of updated financial models using Lévy processes. Very well written, very well explained and argued with examples and appropriate simulations. Recommended to academics, researchers and PhD students, slightly less to practitioners.” Zentralblatt MATH
Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference
Author: Justin E. H. Smith
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400866316
Pages: 312
Year: 2015-06-30
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People have always been xenophobic, but an explicit philosophical and scientific view of human racial difference only began to emerge during the modern period. Why and how did this happen? Surveying a range of philosophical and natural-scientific texts, dating from the Spanish Renaissance to the German Enlightenment, Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference charts the evolution of the modern concept of race and shows that natural philosophy, particularly efforts to taxonomize and to order nature, played a crucial role. Smith demonstrates how the denial of moral equality between Europeans and non-Europeans resulted from converging philosophical and scientific developments, including a declining belief in human nature's universality and the rise of biological classification. The racial typing of human beings grew from the need to understand humanity within an all-encompassing system of nature, alongside plants, minerals, primates, and other animals. While racial difference as seen through science did not arise in order to justify the enslavement of people, it became a rationalization and buttress for the practices of trans-Atlantic slavery. From the work of François Bernier to G. W. Leibniz, Immanuel Kant, and others, Smith delves into philosophy's part in the legacy and damages of modern racism. With a broad narrative stretching over two centuries, Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference takes a critical historical look at how the racial categories that we divide ourselves into came into being.

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